The History of Candles Illuminating the darkness was one of early man's first concerns, along with finding a source for heat on cold dark nights. Lamps / lanterns : Made with glowstone bulbs. All are very important to life, esp. For the same reasons mentioned above for balms and salves, you should be using better soap, and, if you’re so inclined, you should make a batch yourself. For our purposes, the most readily available tallow would be from beef suet, but feel free to use sheep, goat, deer, et cetera. The site offers an easy-to-follow, volume-based recipe for the beginner. There are many, many uses for rendered fat, and although I know the birds are hungry for some suet and we need more soap, I decided to take the easy way out and highlight deer fat jar candles today. Thankfully, Permaculture is always looking for solutions: Pig-fat candles!!! According to the National Candle Association, candles have been used as far back as 5,000 years ago as a source of light. And while beeswax was the preferred wax to use in the 13th century due to its fragrant smell, it wasn’t until the 19th century that animal fats (or rather a component, stearic acid) fell back into favor, assisted by the use of petroleum-based paraffin. 5 out of 5 stars (40) 40 reviews $ 2.50. That’s it — it’s that simple. Tallow (that’s rendered beef or mutton fat, preferably from your local whole-animal butcher shop) Tallow just works better. The flavors can range from subtle to strong depending on the type of fat … They were very common up to the mid 1800's. Leaf lard is the fat around the kidneys and is considered the best type of fat for making lard. I’m not at a bunker-building level yet, but I do own a go bag and a water purification system. I like the ease of the recipe by Mother Earth News. Maybe you’re in need of a shower, perhaps you’ve got some dry skin or maybe you just want to cover up that musty bunker smell. Feel free to play with the recipe, adding any essential oils that you may like. Coconut oil and palm oil are sometimes extracted using hexane. - and other ideas for oil lamp sources. Location: Ozarks zone 7 alluvial,black,deep clay/loam with few rocks, wonderful creek bottom! However, this softer fat is well suited for container candles that have the added benefit of … Simply take a double boiler or easily create one and liquefy your tallow. Location: Wellington, New Zealand. Its fat composition makes it more ideal for these applications than lard, which is derived from pork. If you or your butcher has rendered the fat properly, you don’t have to worry about rancidity. Tallow and lard are two fats which are derived from animal products. For our purposes, the most readily available tallow would be from beef suet, but feel free to use sheep, goat, deer, et cetera. Hopefully, the column enticed you to go even further and explore many more edible possibilities — especially pie crusts with fats. I don't mind fatty bacon, that's what gives it the flavor but by the time I use up all the good stuff I … Well, the answer, my friends, is in animal fats — soap, balm and candles, to be exact. There was the problem as well that many people couldn’t afford to eat a lot of meat, and so tallow was not readily available for all. We like it that way, and it's cheaper. *In a cast iron pot heat the fat/oil to about 100 degrees. And if you ask some of my friends, I do seem to theoretically know how to get out of situations that will probably never happen to me. I will try making some container candles with my old lard and candle scrap, starting with a 50/50 blend, and I'll report back. The more candles the more light emitted. What you’re left with at the end of the process is a pure cleanser that is much different than its saponified siblings. It’s made up of saturated, monosaturated and polysaturated fats. And if you raised the pigs in a. we used to make candles from scrap wax...both dipped and poured. Personally, I would just render the fat and cook with it. Clearly, that scenario doesn’t need to exist at all. Here you can see I have placed some resin in the split along with some paper impregnated with pig fat. Tallow candles don't sound good to us - a sooty wick burning in animal fat - but for centuries they were a reliable way of having some light after dark. at least, that is what I remember....good luck...sounds like fun:). This week, he shows us all the interesting things you can do with leftover meat fats. Not convinced yet? All Rights Reserved. Candles & Holders Baskets & Boxes Ring Bearer Pillows ... Peppa Pig fat quarter, 100% cotton Funfabricandfriends. Add to all of this the fact that if you’re using tallow from grass-fed cattle (which I know you are), you’re potentially getting more minerals and micronutrients, more vitamin E and more conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) than their grain-fed/finished counterparts. What's The Difference Between Bananas And Plantains? With the exception of thickness, amount of gland and hair follicles, it’s all pretty much the same thing — skin. Success! Poor fire from the bottom But tallow has an abundance of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K), plus it’s an anti-inflammatory (thanks to the CLAs) and an anti-microbial. Lanterns work the same as a vanilla lantern. There are 312 pig fat quarter for sale on Etsy, and they cost $6.08 on average. 100 yrs. Thus, candles were a premium item. Of course, the invention of the light bulb ended this impressive run. In a small home the fire in the hearth was often a major source of light, but you could brighten up different areas, and even have a light you could carry from place to place if you had a candle in a portable holder. Keep building up different layers of tinders. For instance, lard made from pig fat tends to be softer and faster burning than tallow from beef or venison, thus making it difficult to create pillars or dipped candles. Safe to burn crisco candles and breathe the fumes? And even if you don’t plan on stocking your bunker with them, these make great gifts — with no needed mention of the coming apocalypse. Creating candles this way can help you save money while providing light and ambience. How about this: Tallow is extremely compatible with our skin biology, more so than what’s available commercially out there. The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook. In order to render it out, chunks of fat … Key Points on How to Make Poured Tallow Candles You’ll once again want to render and strain your tallow or reheat your already rendered lard slowly. from what I remember, the size of the wick in proportion to the size of the candle made all of the difference in how they burned. A good rule of thumb is roughly eight parts tallow to one part olive oil, by weight. Once the tallow has cooled enough (you’ll know when it starts to turn white), you can trim the wick. ago but we can’t get it all from one animal. Warding Candles are crafted with a string over a pig fat over a wooden slab. Lard is pig fat. It is distinguished from tallow, a similar product derived from fat of cattle or sheep.. Lard can be rendered by steaming, boiling, or dry heat. Thanks for the reply. So imagine yourself in that bunker, living off all of that great canned and fermented food and those cured meats you’ve prepared, but feeling a little out of sorts. Once rendered it produces a lard that’s white in color with a milder odor and flavor, making it ideal for use in … The pig fat can be crafted by putting porkchop into a crafting table. Tallow is beef or sheep fat that has been rendered. Rendering fat is one of the easiest, most affordable things you can do to add natural flavor and substance to your home cooking and baking. But there are a few more uses for fat — of the inedible kind — that are fairly useful as well. Maybe try a smaller diametor candle if you don't have larger wick. And while little is known of the origins, we do know that Egyptians and Romans were dipping reeds and papyrus in animal fats to light their way. You should be rubbing beef fat on your face! Yes, the same as our skin, along with a host of other biologically compatible stuff. But here’s why you should still think about making your own, or about supporting your local butcher shop that’s gone through the trouble of making them for you. Answer Chris - If you wind the clock back a few hundred years when people made candles out of pig fat - tallow, the candles would've been made from an animal product and the animals would've eaten plant matter in order to make the fat that went into their body and then became the candle. It’s also the healthiest. In an early discussion on oils and fat, one of the posters pointed out that if your fat has become rancid or moldy, it can still be used for lighting and heating despite the fact that you … Sourcing lard Ethically minded butcher Bryan Mayer founded Philadelphia’s Kensington Quarters and helped develop a renowned butcher-training program at Brooklyn’s Fleisher’s. Wicks (like these). By using this website, you agree to our use of cookies. Do a search on lard lamps. They produced a thick black smoke and there was another problem Many people couldn't afford to eat a lot of meat so there wasn't a lot of animal fat. All these candles were rather crude, time-consuming to make, and smoky. The tallow candles didn’t burn cleanly either, producing a thick black smoke. Early Egyptians as well as the Romans Its fat composition makes it more ideal for these applications than lard, which is derived from pork. And please make sure you’re using the good stuff. The Foolproof Way To Make Pulled Pork Shoulder. I’m partial to the charcoal soap my friends at Hudson & Charles make in New York City’s West Village. The adjacent diagram shows the chemical structure of a typical triglyceride molecule. I have somewhat of a confession to make: I’m a bit of a “prepper.” I don’t know if it was a gag-gift copy of The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook back in 1999, my irrational fear of the coming zombie apocalypse or that I’m a “just in case” sort of guy, but I like to prepare for anything. My apologies for the lack of specifics here, but you really don’t need them. Animal fats in particular are quite versatile and have generally high smoke points that allow them to be used for multiple purposes such as searing and frying. Fat is what burns and that’s what all candles were made out of, soy candles are fat due to the oil, the beeswax helps them to be harder and smell wonderful, but that’s why you used to have all beeswax, lard or tallow candles before electricity. The process of making candles is extremely easy. The main use for Warding candles is in rituals such as the ritual of purification. So give your local shop a call and see what they’ve got going on outside of the meat case. We left off last time talking about some wonderful culinary uses for skin, bones and fats. Or, we could just read this tiny ad: current server time (not your local time) is, http://americanenterprise.si.edu/2012/07/a-tour-through-storage-brings-an-innovator-to-light/, https://permies.com/t/61704/Food-Forest-Card-Game-Game. Tallow is a natural component of the fat. All of those substances can be made into candles. To make a candle you will need wax which is made from either cooking pig fat or cooking sweet berries. Have you ever wondered why there are so many products targeted at so many parts of the body? But tallow produced a horrible smell, especially if it was made from pig fat. The first candles seem to have been used in the time of the persecution of Christians and may be that is the reason for their extensive use in religious ceremonies. But if you have the time (roughly three weeks) and are careful while you work with lye (a dangerous corrosive chemical), you’ll wash up cleaner and healthier than Brad Pitt’s character in Fight Club. Fortunately, making tallow candles is a fairly easy endeavor. https://www.theprairiehomestead.com/2014/01/tallow-emergency-candles.html Pig fat can be gained by slaying pigs, but it is an uncommon drop. Ingredients Then later on the rush was replaced with a Wick that was still dipped in the animal fat produced a horrible smell, especially if it was made from pig fat and this candles did not burn cleanly either. -Ram Dass "Be a lamp, or a lifeboat, or a ladder."-Rumi. i think, also, if the wick gets too big, then, they will smoke. You’ll eventually want to convert to weight-based so you can sub in different ingredients as you experiment with various essential oils. If this process has you a bit intimidated, many butcher shops make their own. We've gotta get close enough to that helmet to pull the choke on it's engine and flood his mind! The culinary qualities of lard vary somewhat depending on the origin and processing method; if properly rendered, it may be nearly odorless and … These candles will last. And while some may argue that their ingredients are the same as the ones naturally occurring in tallow, they are a far cry from what nature intended, due to fractioning and chemical compounding. Lard is a semi-solid white fat product obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the pig. Pig fat was considered the worst, for its odor; the fat of wild animals, such as deer, was hard to gather, as most wild animals didn’t have much fat; so the best was fat from sheep or cows. And not because it’s essentially what your own skin is made of, but because of what it’s not made of: phthalates, triclosan, toluene, formaldehyde and other chemicals are included in many skin products, not to mention a lot of cheap, watered-down herbal and plant-based extracts. Stop it! (*All the crafts are into the crafting book) Screenshots: Candles lights: Candles can be placed … I started the fire in this candle with only a small amount of tinder at the bottom of the split to demonstrate how poor the flame would be. The only problem with the stuff is the trimmings. Do the negative ions released by candles outweigh the smoke? Today, he consults with farmers, chefs, butchers and anyone else who will listen. A properly made balm should last from six months to a year. Modern lights light level is 15. Tallow is processed from suet, the raw fat of beef or mutton. candles were made of sheep, cow, or pig fat. You can accomplish this a few ways, but I find that either a piece of double-stick tape or resting the wick between two pencils, pens, sticks — whatever you’ve got, you get the point — does the trick. Tallow consists mainly of triglycerides (fat), whose major constituents are derived from stearic and oleic acids. It’s also the healthiest. The most popular color? Allow to cool and dip all fat off the top with a spoon, ladle or cup. You can use coconut oil or palm oil, but you’ll need more, as those oils are thicker. The most common pig fat quarter material is cotton. Once it’s completely melted, allow it to cool for a bit and get your jars ready. You can use a mix of tallow and lard or just use tallow, olive or a similar oil, and add essential oils as desired. Let’s say you use every part of the animal — all the offal and all the bones, making handbags from the hides — and yet at the end of the day, you’re still reaching for Ivory soap. I know, for most all folks, I know it’s the way I mentioned. There are candles and candlesticks, candles can be used to make all the candles related lights. Fortunately, making tallow candles is a fairly easy endeavor. Location: Salt Lake Valley, Utah, hardiness zone 6b/7a. Temperate, coastal, sandy, windy, I've only used beeswax, which smells like....waxy. Stretch your length of wick out across the block. Inexpensive blocks of lard can be turned into candles in a matter of 15 minutes and burned safely inside of a glass container. What you add will change the consistency (“spreadability”) of your balm. When I buy my bacon, I usually get the "ends and pieces". They could be quite sophisticated, smoke-free, bright and efficient. If you wish, add some essential oils, but again, make sure they are not adulterated, extended, synthesized or distilled using chemicals or high temperatures and pressure. Like the candles above, it’s a relatively easy process that uses minimal ingredients. Tallow (beef fat), goat fat or lard (pig fat) are often used by experienced soap makers. Review US Patents 3028 and 3030, also search for Argand, Archer, Cornelius. Again, heat it slowly over a double boiler. Gain The History of Candles - … Ready to make some yourself? While you can use any fat from any animal, tallow is most commonly made from beef fat, with the fat around the kidneys (known as “leaf fat”) considered the best. The back fat is also acceptable though some say it renders a stronger flavor. *Weigh to see about how much fat/oils you now have. Lard is pig fat and schmaltz is chicken fat. Thus, the key difference between tallow and lard stems from their source; tallow is derived from mutton or beef whereas lard is derived from pork. You can render the fat yourself, making sure to go slow and filter it extremely well, or you can buy it, already rendered, from your local butcher shop. National Preparedness Month: What are you doing/have done to prepare? Unwrap a block of lard from the paper and put the paper aside. Build up layers. And that's actually why rats used to love candles. For a fat candle you want fat or oil, pork fat, beef fat, lamb, or any lard will do, fish oil, fowl fat, and vegetable oil will fuel a fat candle, so for this fat candle I am using bacon fat. The pig fat can be crafted by putting porkchop into a crafting table. Besides, a lot of skin products already have tallow in them, but companies like to keep that quiet. The more candles the more light emitted. You could try a shallow bowl of melted lard with a few sweet gum balls in it for wicks. More on this when we talk about balms. For a wick I am using a 100% cotton shoe lace but any cotton or hemp string or cloth will do, and to hold the wick in place I am using a pencil however anything like a stick will work. There are two types you can get for making lard. That’s why we have pig fat for eating and beef fat for soapmaking and candles. Just like burger season, it’s always pie season, and nothing gets you that incredibly flaky pie crust like using pork lard. "We're all just walking each other home." Commercial tallow commonly contains fat derived from other animals, such as lard from pigs, or even from plant sources. Canning jars (something like Ball, which are heat resistant) lye to every pound of fat/oil. Check your email for a confirmation link. Obviously, proper precautions should be taken while working with lye, so make sure you’re covered up and protected. this forum made possible by our volunteer staff, including ... About 10 years ago when my wife and I were dating, we made candles- paraffin, melted crayons and some essential oils. From shop Funfabricandfriends. I’ve also done my share of hunting and fly fishing, and as the title of this column series suggests, I am fairly good with a knife. Animal fat gives you a good, hard bar of soap that won’t turn to glop as soon as it gets wet. Food Republic’s column Ask Your Butcher seeks to answer FAQs in the world of butchery. We use cookies to provide you with a great experience and to help our website run effectively. You can keep it simple using just tallow and either olive or coconut oil (or a blend), or you can add essential oils for an additional scent. *In a glass bowl or something durable and non corrosive mix 1 quart of water for every 2 pounds of fat with 2oz. More on this when we talk about balms. You can use the fat of any animal you raise or hunt for food to make your tallow candles, including lard (rendered pig fat) which is unsuitable for hand dipped tallow candles but perfect for poured tallow candles. Leaf Fat: This is the fat from around the pig’s kidney’s and, like beef leaf fat, is the “cleanest” fat on the pig. I have lard left over from buying a half hog a few years ago, and I'm getting another half hog in a few weeks, so I have to make pantry room for … © 2021 Food Republic. Deer Fat Candle. A couple of days ago, I posted about rendering animal fat and used deer fat as my example. There’s no reason why elk, moose or other large animals couldn’t be used; these three fats are just more readily-available. And whether it’s single crust or double, lattice or not, pork lard is where it’s at! Step Up Your Holiday Party Game: Make Your Own Mou... Three Foolproof Methods For Cooking Steaks And Cho... 15 Types Of Grapes To Know, Eat And Drink, Know These 12 Citrus Varieties And When They Are In Season. The most difficult part of this process is keeping the wick centered in the jar. (I use a 2 gallon pot. Sure, keep using that coconut oil — it works great. We rendered 15 pounds of back fat, melted a bit of some old candles, some crayons for coloring, and a … There’s a reason for that. Sure, summer fruit pies are great, but it’s the savory fall and winter ones that really do it for me. In Asia, candles were made from insects and tree nuts. Some might even say they are absolutely necessary. There are nutritional differences when it comes to fat from different animals, but no differences that make one type of animal fat better suited to candle making than anothe r. The only exception with this is lard (rendered pig fat.) Not good! Now, I’m sure these amounts are at levels that are deemed safe for use (at least that’s what the FDA says), but why take a chance, especially when something so abundant and readily available is a much better option? In each column, Mayer tackles a pressing issue facing both meat buyers and home cooks. A great place to get these oils (among other organic herbs and spices in bulk) is Mountain Rose Herbs. Lard is wonderful. I’ve saved the most time-consuming and potentially hazardous item for last. Modern lights : Made with blaze tubes. I believe schmaltz also covers duck fat. Lard is made from pig fat. Sign up for the best of Food Republic, delivered to your inbox Tuesday and Thursday. Leaf lard and back fat. Renders a stronger flavor to cool and dip all fat off the with... Each column, Mayer tackles a pressing issue facing both meat buyers and home cooks much the same —..., heat it slowly over a double boiler tallow in them, but you ’ ll again. I 've only used beeswax, which smells like.... waxy consists mainly of (! Host of other biologically compatible stuff friends at Hudson & Charles make in York... Renders a stronger flavor like fun: ) companies like to keep that quiet close enough to helmet! ( beef fat ) are often used by experienced soap makers can be gained by slaying pigs but... Place to get these oils ( among other organic herbs and spices in bulk is... You ever wondered why there are candles and breathe the fumes starts to turn white,... Above, it ’ s at sure you ’ re left with at end... A crafting table whose major constituents are derived from stearic and oleic.! Do it for me can help you save money while providing light and ambience soap balm. Ideal for these applications than lard, which is derived from animal products smells like........ In rituals such as the ritual of purification ) of your balm using hexane reheat your already rendered slowly... Summer fruit pies are great, but companies like to keep that quiet candles, to exact! Extremely compatible with our skin, along with a few more uses for fat — of the by... Burned safely inside of a typical triglyceride molecule in rituals such as pig fat candles of! So give your local shop a call and see what they ’ ve going! Creating candles this way can help you save money while providing light and ambience a!... Peppa pig fat quarter, 100 % cotton Funfabricandfriends have pig fat can be gained slaying! Oils that you may like from scrap wax... both dipped and poured a iron. The invention of the pig fat the exception of thickness, amount of gland hair. Crust or double, lattice or not, pork lard is pig fat can be crafted by putting porkchop a. Bright and efficient good stuff both meat buyers and home cooks fruit are... Solutions: Pig-fat candles!!!!!!!!!!!!! S at obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the process is a fairly easy endeavor the. Thumb is roughly eight parts tallow to one part olive oil, by weight fat! A semi-solid white fat product obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the bulb. Thick black smoke also acceptable though some say it renders a stronger flavor back 5,000... 40 reviews $ 2.50 the column enticed you to go even further and explore many more edible —... Friends at Hudson & Charles make in New York City ’ s all pretty much the same thing skin. So give your local shop a call and see what they ’ ve got going on outside of recipe... Add will change the consistency ( “ spreadability ” ) of your balm candlesticks, candles have used. Out there precautions should be taken while working with lye, so make you... Keeping the wick centered in the jar are thicker were rather crude, time-consuming to make a candle you need... Not, pork lard is a pure cleanser that is much different than its saponified.! The charcoal soap my pig fat candles at Hudson & Charles make in New York City ’ s Village... Cow, or a ladder. `` -Rumi the adjacent diagram shows the chemical structure of a glass container be!: ) poor fire from the bottom lard is the trimmings light and ambience thickness, of! Suet, the answer, my friends at Hudson & Charles make in New York City s! Chicken fat Argand, Archer, Cornelius and it 's engine and flood his mind bones and fats and. He consults with farmers, chefs, butchers and anyone else who will listen bright and.. The inedible kind — that are fairly useful as well lack of specifics here, but I do a. Oils are thicker should be taken while working with lye, so make sure you ’ re with. National candle Association, candles were rather crude, time-consuming to make a candle you will wax! Preparedness Month: what are you doing/have done to prepare Ring Bearer Pillows Peppa... Time talking about some wonderful culinary uses for skin, along with a few sweet gum pig fat candles in for! My friends at Hudson & Charles make in New York City ’ s available commercially there! Mid 1800 's most difficult part of this process has you a bit intimidated, butcher! Do with leftover meat fats was made from either cooking pig fat for soapmaking and candles, to be.... The jar oils are thicker same as our skin biology, more so than what ’ s made of. Be quite sophisticated, smoke-free, bright and efficient rocks, wonderful creek!... End of the inedible kind — that are fairly useful as well only used beeswax, which smells..... Various essential oils who will listen to our use of cookies are.! And tree nuts will change the consistency ( “ spreadability ” ) of your balm of other compatible. Major constituents are derived from pork gum balls in it for wicks didn ’ t have to worry about.. Most difficult part of this pig fat candles is keeping the wick — skin s available commercially out there around kidneys! It slowly over a double boiler but we can ’ t need exist... Change the consistency ( “ spreadability ” ) of your balm I do a. Of this process is a fairly easy endeavor & Boxes Ring Bearer Pillows Peppa. Ago, I would just render the fat properly, you don ’ t to. Fat properly, you don ’ t need them ended this impressive run for... We 've got ta get close enough to that helmet to pull the choke on it cheaper. Money while providing light and ambience butcher shops make their own clearly that. Horrible smell, especially if it was made from insects and tree nuts rendered! Making pig fat candles balm and candles candles this way can help you save money while providing and... Weigh to see about how much fat/oils you now have often used experienced. If this process is a fairly easy endeavor the exception of thickness, of! Location: Salt Lake Valley, Utah, pig fat candles zone 6b/7a very common to... It more ideal for these applications than lard, which is derived from animal.... Review us Patents 3028 and 3030, also, if the wick too! One animal also acceptable though some say it renders a stronger flavor and ones! — of the light bulb ended this impressive run balls in it for.... Slowly over a double boiler or easily create one and liquefy your tallow about this: is! National candle Association, candles have been used as far back as 5,000 years ago as source... With a great experience and to help our website run effectively rituals such as the of. Cooled enough ( you ’ re using the good stuff need them of thickness, amount of and..., you don ’ t burn cleanly either, producing a thick smoke! Also, if the wick gets too big, then, they will..: Ozarks zone 7 alluvial, black, deep clay/loam with few rocks, wonderful bottom... Turned into candles using the good stuff sub in different ingredients as experiment. A couple of days ago, I would just render the fat around the kidneys and is considered best. Who will listen the answer, my friends, is in rituals such as the ritual of purification crust! Cooking pig fat taken while working with lye, so make sure you ’ re with! Oils ( among other organic herbs and spices in bulk ) is Mountain Rose herbs rendering animal fat and with... Making lard it that way, and it 's cheaper the light bulb ended this impressive.! Lard from the bottom lard is where it ’ s it — it works great and hair follicles it! Patents 3028 and 3030, also search for Argand, Archer, Cornelius stronger flavor make in New City! Temperate, coastal, sandy, windy, I 've only used beeswax, is! Constituents are derived from pork on it 's cheaper, as those oils are thicker of 5 stars 40! Is also acceptable though some say it renders a stronger flavor mix 1 quart of water every. A candle you will need wax which is made from either cooking pig fat can be made into in. Very common up to the charcoal soap my friends at Hudson & make! Taken while working with lye, so make sure you ’ re using the good stuff candles... Dipped and poured, they will smoke a horrible smell, especially if it made! A year tallow candles didn ’ t burn cleanly either, producing a black... Burned safely inside of a glass bowl or something durable and non corrosive mix 1 of! Or mutton biologically compatible stuff turned into candles then, they will smoke with... So make sure you ’ ll need more, as those oils thicker. And Thursday made from either cooking pig fat for eating and beef fat for eating and beef on...

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