Until the 19th century this region was called as "Shilchaguri" when there was dense Dolka forest covering the area. 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It is a breathtaking monument which was destroyed by the Chinese army, and then rebuilt. This region is very prone to earthquake as there are several fault lines nearby. Later in 1994 Siliguri built a Municipal corporation which has been responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Siliguri. The width of the corridor is less than 20km, with Nepal and Bangladesh on either side. The humidity in air is high throughout the year. Dashain is an important festival for the Nepali speaking Hindus in Siliguri, while Hindi and Bhojpuri speakers celebrate Diwali, Holi and Chhath Puja. This could allow China to rapidly mobilise and deploy troops thereby threatening the Siliguri corridor. Siliguri started as a small area i.e. India’s width is the thinnest in the corridor with China, … This piece of land is about 60 km in length but a meagre 22 km in width at its narrowest point. The Siliguri Corridor was created in 1947 after the partition of Bengal between India and Pakistan (former state of East Bengal, now independent Bangladesh). Because of its appeal as an agricultural village, the Kingdom of Sikkim captured Siliguri making it the southernmost part of their kingdom until the Kingdom of Nepal interfered. [179], North Bengal Science Centre, established in 1997, is the only science sentre of North Bengal.The main attractions are Digital Planetarium, Science Shows, 3D Theater, Taramandal Shows, science galleries and a green Science Park. [56] It had five departments then: General Administration, Collection, License, Public Works and Sanitation and Public Health. [62], Siliguri is part of the Darjeeling Lok Sabha constituency. This reservoir is home for variety of migratory birds (like river lapwing, great crested grebe, Indian cormorant, purple heron, Eurasian wigeon, common shelduck, cotton teal, tufted duck, little ringed plover, great cormorant). Also Teesta river is not so far from the city. These forests are home of various rare and common species of plants. Cataract, also known as "Motibindhu" in Hindi and "Chani" in Bangla is the one of the biggest reason of avoidable blindness in North Bengal. Developed by PeoplesMagnet !! Recently[when?] Another common sight is migratory water birds.[74]. The location of this corridor has created a political reality that is important for Bangladesh as well. These forests are also home of about 243 different bird species like the pied hornbill, egret, kingfisher, drongo, fly catcher, woodpecker and others. The 60-kilometre long and 22-kilometre wide Siliguri Corridor in the Indian state of West Bengal, also known as the “Chicken’s Neck”, connects India’s … The region is heavily patrolled by the West Bengal Police, Border Security Force, Indian Army and Assam Rifles. In such a case, the presence and movement of the Chinese Indian Army could also be traced. Siliguri Corridor which is 60 km long and 22 km wide in our Incredible India is known as the Chicken’s Neck which connects the North-Eastern states of India with the other parts of our country. Geographically Northeast India is at a slight disadvantage as the connectivity is very limited. In 1938, the Union Board was set up in Siliguri under the Bengal Village Self-Government Act, 1919 and it provided public utilities in the city. The Indian Army considering its own strategic interests due to the proximity of this area to Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, and a friendly neighbour's concerns had intervened to stop the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) advance in Sharsingma or … Siliguri Corridor. Siliguri is renowned for being the training grounds of table tennis players. Sukna is the gateway to this sanctuary, which is 12 km from Siliguri. This narrow strip — which slims down to 17 kilometres at its narrowest — is also known by a more appropriate name: Chicken's Neck. The corporation now has 23 departments. Of the 30 wards in 2001, their population varied between 11.71% to 98.96%. As far as chicken neck is concerned, China has been eyeing it for a long time. [33][34][35][36] By the way, the highest temperature ever recorded in Siliguri is 41.7 °C, was recorded on 15 April 1952, while the lowest was recorded on 8 January 2018, when the mercury plummeted to 1.9 °C.[37][38]. The Kingdom of Bhutan lies on the northern side of the corridor. This route is known as the Siliguri Corridor commonly known as Chicken’s Neck. It is fundamentally a part of the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, spread over an area of 700 acres. [61] A Board of Administrators was established with the outgoing mayor, Ashok Bhattacharya, as the Chairperson. [15], According to Sailen Debnath, "Siliguri" means a stack of pebbles or stones. [163], Darjeeling Himalayan Railway toy train runs between New Jalpaiguri, Siliguri and Darjeeling. Shorea robusta. It is also known as the gateway of northeast India (NE). China’s presence here can develop into a major security threat for India in the long run. This corridor is spread over a radius of about 22 km. Siliguri saw rapid urbanisation under the British rule and that was reflected in its local governance as well. [172] The ideal tranquil location for meditation was established by Tibetan monks and followers of Dalai Lama. Others are Terminalia tomentosa, Schima wallichii And the 3) Eastern Tarai Sal Forest generally found in lower altitudes compared to other two types of forest. The Siliguri Corridor came into being unconstrained after the partition of Bengal in 1947. [53] According to 2011 census, Bengali is the most commonly spoken language, followed by Hindi, Nepali, Bhojpuri and Urdu. Siliguri Corridor. China, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. Buried in the Himalayas in the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's neck, Chinese and Indian military forces sit on the respective sides of their vague borders and entrench themselves for what could become a shooting war between nuclear powers. > Siliguri > Siliguri. the ratio of sand and silt is much higher than clay. Because of it Kirati and Nepalis came to settle in this region.[16]. Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary near Siliguri is famous for elephants. This airport is a major transport hub in the region with flights connecting Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Guwahati, Dibrugarh and has international connectivity with Paro and Bangkok. [13][50] Males constitute 51.44% of the population and females 48.55%. [56] The first chairperson of the municipality was the Sub Divisional Officer and the local councilors, called 'commissioners' in the then municipal act in effect, were nominated by the state government. The strategically vulnerable Indian states border Tibet in the north and are connected to India’s main parts by the thin Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, near Bangladesh. Delhi’s strategic nightmare Like most of the borders in South Asia, the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken’s Neck, is a cartographic relic of the British decolonization process. The Siliguri Corridor is a strategic region in the foot hills of Himalayan region, connecting India with Northeastern States. This road is a cause of concern for India. [153], This is the main stadium in Siliguri,[154] a multipurpose stadium, mainly used for football matches, although it has also hosted several cricket matches. Note that the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir is divided between India, China, and Pakistan (the colored areas represent the parts which are not under control of India). S.A.I or Sports Authority of India in Kanchenjunga Stadium conducts football and athletics. [69][70][71] Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority also prepared the Traffic & Transportation Master Plan 2030 and the Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Siliguri Jalpaiguri Planning Area.[72]. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library Map Center, CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited, Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority, Sikkim Nationalised Transport Bus Terminus (Siliguri), Sikkim Nationalised Transport Bus Terminus(Siliguri), Siliguri-Aluabari broad gauge single line, New Jalpaiguri-Alipurduar-Samuktala Road Line, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy Government College, North Bengal Medical College and Hospital, Surendra Institute of Engineering & Management, "Siliguri-The gateway of Northeast India", "West Bengal Govt. Building plans in Siliguri are approved by Siliguri Municipal corporation; for building up to 3 storeys including parking, the Borough Offices give clearance, while for buildings with more than 3 storeys, the Building Department gives the approval. It offers mild to medium trekking challenges at some points. The Siliguri Corridor is a strategic region in the foot hills of Himalayan region, connecting India with Northeastern States. Particularly on Thursday at the city summit between Harski PM Modi and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina Wajid. This helped Siliguri gain sub-divisional town status in 1907. Today is a very special day for India and Bangladesh. First recognized in 1947, the Siliguri Corridor is located in a region between India, Bangladesh and Nepal. A multiplex, kids zone, restaurant are also there. This board will take care of the civic utilities of the city till the new municipal body is elected. The Municipal Council was set up in 1949 under the Bengal Municipal Act of 1932 with 8 wards. If you wish to explore Northeast India by roads, you would have to pass through the famous Siliguri Corridor, also known as Chicken’s Neck. [29][30][31][32]On the other hand, the winter maximum temperature hovers around 20-24 °C, and the minimum drops 6-9 °C. The Siliguri subdivision is surrounded by Himalayan ranges towards north and towards south by the country Bangladesh, Uttar Dinajpur district of West Bengal and the Indian state of Bihar. [39] Winters are mostly dry, with the summers being rainy. Heavy showers are often felt in May,[40] June,[41] July,[42] August and September. [21], Siliguri located at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas at a location of 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43. It is also known as Chicken neck. This city is spread over an area of 260 km2 within the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's neck. Later in 1950 Siliguri achieved municipal status. Siliguri (Bengali: [ˈʃiliguɽi] (listen)) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. Siliguri touched 46.83% of population growth rate in 1981–1991. Importance. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. [51] Siliguri City comes under Siliguri Jalpaiguri Planning Area and the responsibility of planning and development of the city lies with Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority. The corridor is the only route that connects Indian mainland with the north eastern states. Savin Kingdom is an amusement and water park which is located near Dagapur in Siliguri. [146] With the provision for an international outdoor and indoor stadium, Siliguri has enough opportunities to host national level matches. About 80% of the annual rainfall is felt between June to September, this period is known as monsoons or rainy season in the season cycle. The North-east states are connected with the rest of India via the “Siliguri Corridor” also known as the “chicken’s neck” – a narrow strip of land that is … In the year 2017, the Doklam dispute also took place with the intention of occupying the chicken neck. The North-east states are connected with the rest of India via the “Siliguri Corridor” also known as the “chicken’s neck” – a narrow strip of land that is less than 27 km (17 mi) wide at its narrowest point. The presence of Bangladesh means that the North East is connected with the mainland by a particularly thin piece of land called the Siliguri corridor. Surendra Institute of Engineering and Management. Unlike earlier, when Doctor would suggest you to wait till the Cataract becomes mature, today with newer scientific development and surgical advances Ophthalmologists suggests early Cataract surgery as soon as Cataract reaches an operable stage. [175] The ISKCON temple in the city, also known as Sri Sri Radha Madhav Sundar Mandir locally, is one of the biggest Krishna centres in the North-Eastern region of India. Till 1921, most aspects of local governance in Darjeeling district, including Siliguri, was looked after by the Darjeeling Improvement Fund. This entire area is important for the supply of troops and supplies to the Rajas of Eastern India. Siliguri is located ideally in Siliguri Corridor (Chicken’s neck), which is a thin strip of land connecting the Mainland of India with the north east of India. The forest here is moist Tropical and characterised by dense growth of tall Sal i.e. The area is marked in red. [151] Siliguri has done a tremendous job for Indian table tennis. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. The Siliguri Corridor was created in 1947 after the partition of Bengal between India and Pakistan (former state of East Bengal, now independent Bangladesh). It is located conveniently, connecting four international borders i.e. The Siliguri corridor, also known as the ‘chicken’s neck’, is also an important junction, connecting the Northeast region with the Indian mainland. On the east lies Jalpaiguri district and Kalimpong district and bounded on the west by the country of Nepal, thus strategically so important.[27]. This rail service is being started after a long wait of 5 decades. Based on Census data of 2011, the population of Siliguri UA/Metropolitan is 701,489, while the population in the Municipal area is 2,94,546. According to Major General (Retd) Anbi Jaini, India’s position in this area is quite strong. Apart from this, both of them will start the train service between Haldibari in India and Chilahati in Bangladesh during this summit. In 1959, it received the status of a sanctuary mainly to protect the Indian bison and royal bengal tiger. [173] Sed-Gyued monastrey is located near Salugara monastery. Siliguri: Trafficking and consumption patterns of heroin are also witnessing strong impact of Covid 19 lockdown.The change, as observed by United Nations research study, is now surfacing along Siliguri Corridor.The infamous drug trafficking route that runs through the districts of northern West Bengal with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan or Tibet at stone throw distance. In summer, the temperature varies from a minimum of 18-22 °C to a maximum of 26-32 °C. In 1865, the British captured Darjeeling and the entire Dooars region to build tea plantations and export the produce to England. [57] It has 47 wards, of which 14 wards are in Jalpaiguri district, while the remaining 33 wards are in Darjeeling district. Over time, the Siliguri Corridor has become a commercially progressive city and an indicative trading and transportation hub. This railway line between the two countries is also special because it is the latest of the Siliguri Corridor, which we also know as Chicken Neck. The threat to the Siliguri corridor (also known as Chicken’s Neck) is perennial as China has continued its overt road and airstrip construction activities on its side of the border. [68] Each ward in the city has its own Solid Waste Management committee that takes care of cleanliness at the ward level. Beside, the 75-kilometre long track will also help better integrate the rest of the country with the Siliguri corridor, also known as the 'Chicken's Neck.' Also known as Donglang or Dolam, the plateau belongs to Bhutan. [51], Linguistic groups of Siliguri in West Bengal (2011)[52], Bengali is the official language in Siliguri subdivision, including Siliguri city. Siliguri and surrounding Sub-Himalayan forests are rich in fauna diversity, the plains of North Bengal (Siliguri, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar etc.) The park conducts herbivore safaris, carnivore safaris, and elephant safaris. For the past couple of years, the Union government has been focussing on the connectivity infrastructure in north Bengal, particularly through and beyond the Siliguri corridor, which is also known as Chicken’s Neck. India and Bangladesh are set to inaugurate a new railway line that will resume trans-border railway connectivity between the two countries after 55 years. The Member of Legislative Assembly representing Siliguri Vidhan Sabha Constituency is Ashok Bhattacharya, who was the mayor of Siliguri concurrently and is presently the Chairperson of the Board of Administrator as well.[64][65]. The growth rate of Siliguri was 57.8% during 1971- 1981, considering this growth, Siliguri came under Integrated Urban Development Project program in 1981. The dispute lasted for about 72 days. The city is surrounded by dense forests towards north and lifeline of Siliguri, Mahananda River flows through the city thereby bisecting it into two-halves. On an average, Siliguri gets 3340 mm per year. It is also known as the gateway of northeast India (NE). The Indian Army considering its own strategic interests due to the proximity of this area to Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, and a friendly neighbour's concerns had intervened to stop the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) advance in Sharsingma or Yatung valley. According to a 2001 thesis, Bengali speakers had a percentage of 64.25% out of the total population. Being the gateway to the north-east India, the Corridor is a hub of rail and road network connecting the Mainland India with the Seven Sister States in the north-east, namely; Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Mizoram. Warm summer, cool winter and a severe monsoon defines Siliguri's climate. It will also serve as a way for India to bolster its connectivity to Chicken’s Neck, also called the Siliguri Corridor, that connects the rest of the country to the eight northeastern states. Siliguri has its own international airport which serves mainly as a base for tourists to camp in before moving out to explore nearby tourist attractions such as Kalimpong, … Central government of India confirmed customs airport status to this airport in 2002 with limited international operations. are surrounded by deep forests. Apart from this, both of them will start the train service between Haldibari in India and Chilahati in Bangladesh during this summit. This corridor is a very much important and also a sensitive one for India. The minimum temperature in winter season sometimes drops 5 °C or below. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. [162] Sports festival, 2017 was also held in this indoor stadium. • The 75 kms track will help in connecting the country with the Siliguri corridor which is also known as the ‘Chicken’s Neck’. When Sikkim became an Indian state in 1975, India gained a strategic edge to keep an eye on China in the Suniti Valley in the east of India. Shorea robusta. The average annual temperature in Siliguri is 23.7 °C. Siliguri falls under the humid subtropical climate (Cwa), when using the Köppen climate classification. This route is known as the Siliguri Corridor commonly known as Chicken’s Neck. Now, with China’s ongoing attempts to construct a paved road, which can carry vehicles up to 50 tonnes, this grazing patch is turning into a dagger pointed at the Siliguri corridor, also known as ‘Chicken’s Neck’. This follows the establishment of similar boards first in state capital Kolkata and then the rest of the state. 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siliguri corridor is also known as 2021