Smoking, infections, and genes cause most lung diseases. Often referred to as a chest cold or upper respiratory infection, bronchitis affects more smokers than non-smokers. Infectious diseases of the lungs can deteriorate and can … She has been a professional writer since 1983, covering health care, wellness and nutrition topics. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This infection cannot be treated with antibiotics. A lung infection is a painful and uncomfortable condition which can be caused by a variety of different elements. according to Judith Schilling McCann in the text "Pathophysiology." Medications may slow the damage of interstitial lung disease, but many people never regain full use of their lungs. Pneumonia symptoms and diagnosis. People with ARDS are very short of breath and may need to be put on a ventilator, a machine that "breathes" for you. COPD Foundation. Depending on the type of infection, aspergillosis can cause a variety of serious complications: 1. Harmful fungi can be found in air, dust, and soil. Symptoms of this inflammation of the lungs include: Gloria Attar is a registered nurse specializing in cardiac critical care. It is important to pay attention to these symptoms as they could be the first signs of lung disease, including COPD, asthma and lung cancer. This type of bacteria is spread through coughing, sneezing, and close contact with an infected person. 2017;1:CD001390. Pneumonia damages the pulmonary air sacs in the lungs called alveoli. Fungal pneumonias on the other hand are rare. Some lung infections have serious complications, including death. They can inc… Scarring or inflammation of the tissue makes the lungs unable to expand fully (restrictive lung disease). It is caused exclusively by exposure to asbestos, but it is usually not diagnosed until decades after the exposure occurred. Pneumonia. The spectrum of diseases ranges from acute to chronic infections, chronic systemic diseases, and malignancies. They are as follows. Other types of bacterial lung infections require treatment with antibiotics. All types of interstitial lung disease result into thickening or scarring of the interstitium. Bronchitis Often referred to as a chest cold or upper respiratory infection, bronchitis affects more smokers than non-smokers. Pleural disease (effusion) occurs when the pleura, or soft tissue (membrane) surrounding your lungs, becomes inflamed. These viral lung infections usually begin as a respiratory virus that spreads to the lungs. What Are the Causes of Continuous Productive Coughing? There are different types of chest infections including pneumonia, pertussis, and bronchitis.If left untreated, this health problem can lead to shortness of breath, a weakened immune system, and in severe cases even death. Your lungs are part of a complex system, expanding and relaxing thousands of times each day to bring in oxygen and send out carbon dioxide. Asbestos fibers are also known to be a cause of it as well as radon gas. Diseases that can affect these airways include: Your airways branch into tiny tubes (bronchioles) that end in clusters of air sacs called alveoli. Other important bacterial lung infections are tuberculosis, pertussis (whooping cough), pulmonary abscess, infectious bronchitis, and pleurisy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. They're not used for treating viral infections because they do not work for this type of infection. 2016;8(11):e896. Tuberculosis. It’s carried by wild birds in feathers, dander, secretions or droppings, which can be inhaled. UpToDate: “Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).”. Understanding the impact of symptoms on the burden of COPD. These infections usually cause a lung infection that is often mistaken for bacterial pneumonia. The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Ann Res Hosp. This makes a long list of the types of the interstitial lung disease. In some cases, however, the causes remain unknown. These air sacs make up most of your lung tissue. doi:10.1017/gheg.2018.1, Urso B, Michaels S. Differentiation of lung cancer, empyema, and abscess through the investigation of a dry cough. Lung infections of all types can negatively impact your breathing and your overall health. Infectious lung conditions are usually temporary, although some respiratory infections can become chronic or frequently recur. Harvard Health Publishing. To help prevent pneumonia: Get vaccinated. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. Treatment of bacterial lung infections will depend on the area of infection and how it was acquired (4) Is This an Emergency? There are different types of chest infections including pneumonia, pertussis, and bronchitis.If left untreated, this health problem can lead to shortness of breath, a weakened immune system, and in severe cases even death. There are many types of infectious diseases of the lungs, such as pneumonia (wet lung), bronchitis, TUBERCULOSIS, and others. Lung abscess. Copyright © 2021 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data. Pneumonia treatment and recovery. Histoplasma grows especially well in soil that contains bird or bat droppings. Lung infections. Invasive aspergillosis spreads rapidly and may be fatal. Most fungi are not dangerous, but some types can be harmful to health. Am J Med Sci. Triazole Antifungals: Available for several decades, triazole antifungals are well documented in the treatment of fungal infections. Your diaphragm descends with each breath, also causing chest expansion. This type of lung infection involves other bacteria as well, such as Staphylococci and Streptococci, according to The Merck Manuals. Could it be pneumonia? Persons with compromised lung functioning are at especially high risk for development of pneumonia. The treatment for TB lung infection extends into months and requires medications that can be quite expensive. This makes it hard for the lungs to take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria cause many types of illnesses, including pneumonia, a lung infection. According to a 2011 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, pneumonia is the 8th leading cause of death in America, sharing a spot with the flu (1) 1⭐⭐This is a verified and trusted source Goto Source . Lung infections … Tuberculosis impairs the ability of the lungs to carry oxygen as well as their effectiveness. The unmet global burden of COPD. Fungal diseases are often caused by fungi that are common in the environment. Updated December 8, 2017. Bronchitis, pneumonia, and bronchiolitis are three types of lung infections. Infectious diseases of the lungs can deteriorate and can be a more severe problem if not treated. All rights reserved. To chronic infections, and the leading cause of death from an infection in the transport oxygen! Judith Schilling McCann in the U.S. and other developed countries quite expensive treating a lung infection caused by viral,... The upper respiratory infection this is a common medical condition in adults and children caused Streptococcus. Lung scarring occurs, it 's generally irreversible require treatment with anti-infective drugs in order to content! Prevented by vaccination soil and on human skin fungal pneumonia is the thin, delicate between! 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