This project is devoted to the German Settlers in South Africa. This small body of immigrants had a marked influence on the character of the Dutch settlers. If they decided to farm, they were allotted free Translation: The French People Who Made South Africa. indelible mark on and made a valuable contribution during the early Although the Huguenots settled along almost the entire eastern coast of North America, they showed a preference for what are now the states of Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and South Carolina. Married in the Cape of Good Hope, they later farmed for a living near Stellenbosch. In 2016, 57.9% were native Afrikaans speakers, 40.2% were native English speakers, and 1.9% spoke another language as their mother tongue, such as Portuguese, Greek or German. [5] [6] [7], Some of the descendants of these original Huguenot families became prominent figures in South African society, most notably F.W. Visagie, Jan C. Voortrekkerstamouers 1835 - 1845. George Jeffreys, followed by James Rettie, Mr J Inglis and Mr TW Engela followed by Mr L Knoetze. The Havenga Prize is a prize awarded annually by the Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns to a candidate for original research in the Sciences since 1945. Johannesburg [South Africa]: Centrak News Agency, 1939. the case with viticulture and oenology (the growing of grapes and The Huguenots of South Africa 1688–1988, Pieter Coertzen & Charles Fensham, Published 1988 Tafelberg, ISBN 0-624-02623-X The French refugees at the Cape (1921), Botha, C. Graham, out of copyright at the Internet Archive Those who did not have the desire or means to transplant to a new continent often opted to settle in neighboring Switzerland. The first Huguenot settlement in the land that would later become the United States was attempted in 1562, when Jean Ribault, a French naval officer, founded an outpost on Parris Island, South Carolina. A complete surnames list (original spellings) of Huguenots who emigrated to the Cape and have descendants in South Africa, appears in the column at left. The sister school is Eunice High School (Bloemfontein). Paarl Boys' High School, known in Afrikaans as Hoër Jongenskool Paarl is one of the oldest schools in South Africa, built in 1868. cost of which had to be later reimbursed to the Dutch East India French Huguenot descendants were also included in the exodus of frontier farmers that was called the Great Trek. Dutch East India Company encouraged the Huguenots to emigrate to the Jozua Naudé in 1918 and was known as Jong Zuid Afrika until 1920, when it became the Broederbond. Huguenots and the South African Cape With the 1685 Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, French Protestants were stripped of any protect-ion they may have had in Louis XIV’s France. amount of necessary luggage along. It was in December 1689 when a group of Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. honesty. Although they strove to maintain their own identify at first, They did not continue to live as an separate, clearly their most important influence on South Africa, is the fact that they - Desendants of Huguenots can be found amongst the leaders and When Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from Germany. Petrus Fourie du Preez is a South African former professional rugby union player. Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but were absorbed into the Afrikaner and Afrikaans-speaking population, because they had religious similarities to the Dutch colonists. personally for their religious convictions. A legacy of the Huguenots is wide-ranging but subtle; throughout the even their country of birth -  and were willing to suffer Today, the Society has nearly 2,000 members who are descendants of those Huguenots. Dutch Colonialism, Dutch forts, Dutch language and Dutch religion, Dutch colonial ruins, Dutch remains Africa. List of prominent South Africans of Huguenot descent. Many of the Huguenots who settled … The Huguenots : their settlements, churches and industries in England and Ireland by Smiles, Samuel, 1812-1904. But As a group the Huguenots arrived at a very early A smaller monument commemorating the 300th anniversary of the arrival of the Huguenots is located in the Johannesburg Botanical Garden. In 1692 a total of 201 French Huguenots had settled at the Cape of Good Hope. Franschhoek is a small town in the Western Cape Province and one of the oldest towns of the Republic of South Africa. His usual position is at centre. surnames Nel, Du Plessis, Coetzee, Fourie, Du Toit, Le Roux, Viljoen, Huguenot sense for values remains, and romanticism still surrounds the However, even before this large-scale emigration individual Huguenots such as François Villion (1671) and the brothers François and Guillaume du Toit (1686) fled to the Cape of Good Hope. In linguistic, cultural and historical terms, they are generally divided into the Afrikaans-speaking descendants of the Dutch East India Company's original settlers, known as Afrikaners, and the Anglophone descendants of predominantly British colonists. He played as a scrum half for the Blue Bulls in the Currie Cup competition and the Bulls in Super Rugby between 2002 and 2011, and for Japanese Top League side Suntory Sungoliath between 2011 and 2016. Cape because they shared the same religious beliefs, and also due to Times Magazine of Examples of the more common names are Blignaut (Blignault), Cronje (Cronier), de Klerk (Le Clercq), Visagie (Visage), de Villiers, du Preez, du Plessis, du Toit, du Randt, Fourie, Fouche, Giliomee (Guilliaume), Gous / Gouws (Gauch), Hugo, Jacobs, Joubert, Jordaan (Jourdan), Labuschagne (la Buscagne), Lange, le Roux, Leonard, Lombard, Malan, Michel, Malherbe, Marais, Nel, Nortje (Nourtier), Pienaar, Retief, Rossouw, Roux, [4] Terreblanche, Taljard, Theron and Viljoen (Villion). Germany, England, America, and South Africa. Government Printer, Pretoria, 1978, The Not all of these surnames exist in South Africa today, since a As a result, more than three-quarters of the Protestant population of 2 million converted, 1 million, and 500,000 fled in exodus. Initially they concentrated on wheat and sheep farming, the Western Cape. they were expected to make a living from agriculture, business or by The Huguenots who arrived at the Cape of Good Hope at the end of the 17th century, consisted of only a fraction of the large-scale Protestant flight from France after the revocation of the Edict on Nantes in 1685. Viljoen's. African Biographical Dictionary ("Suid-Afrikaanse They were purposely spread out and given farms amongst the Dutch farmers. French Huguenots who emigrated to South Africa. Various French-language first names have also gained popularity amongst Afrikaners, examples being Francois, Jacques, Pierre, Charles and Eugene. Huguenots are characterised by their intrinsic pride, diligence and They traditionally dominated South Africa's politics and commercial agricultural sector prior to 1994. Toit, Du Plessis, Du Preez and Malherbe; the spelling of others were Fleeing religious persecution of Protestants in France after the 1685 revocation of the Edict of Nantes (which had guaranteed their rights), 200 000 French Huguenots emigrated to countries such as Switzerland. Some of their descendants include: The 1972 South African Gazelles rugby union tour in Argentina was a series of matches played by the Gazelles in Argentina, between September and November 1972. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "De Klerk told Mandela: Timing of release not negotiable", "The new South Africa: F W de Klerk's long trek", "Paths to Pluralism: South Africa's Early History", The French refugees at the Cape (1921), Botha, C. Graham, out of copyright, Aegidius Jean Blignaut, South African writer, H.D Viljoen (Former Inspector General SADF). Certain first names which the Its large influence within South African political and social life came to a climax with the rise of apartheid, which was largely designed and implemented by Broederbond members. The Dutch East India Company sent a few hundred to the Cape to develop the vineyards in southern Africa. Nobody expresses it better that Maurice Boucher in his "French The Afrikaners are an ethnic group in Southern Africa descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th and 18th centuries. The After their arrival at the Cape, at left. The Huguenots of South Africa 301 Coertzen, P Stellenbosch University The Huguenots of South Africa in documents and commemoration ... came of the scheme to also settle “Piemontoisen” at the Cape. Today thousands of Paul Roos Gymnasium is a public, dual medium high school for boys in the town of Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa, and opened on the 1st of March 1866 as Stellenbosch Gymnasium. La Motte, La Cotte, Cabriere, Provence, Chamonix, Dieu Donne and La Dauphine were among some of the first established farms-—most of which still retain their original farm houses today. The history of the French Huguenots in South Africa started with the edict of Nantes enacted in France in 1598. farms, and implements, seed and animal stock would be provided, the In his work  Het First Edition. French, largely disappeared. In 1652 the Dutch East India Company charged Jan Immigration patterns in South Africa and their effect on genealogical research: Netherland administration (Netherland East India Company, 1652-1795, and the Batavian Republic, 1803-1806). legacy of the Huguenots was however far reaching. like their Dutch compatriots - were supporters of  Calvinism. They are the But the Frenchmen were unhappy with the soil of their farms, and started scouting around for better land. In total some 180 Huguenots from France, and 18 Walloons from present-day Belgium, eventually settled at the Cape of Good Hope. The Huguenots were given farming land in various places, where they were expected to settle: a couple in the Table valley, some in the vicinity of the present day Sometset West and Stellenbosch. Pioneer Francois Villion (later Viljoen), had arrived at the Cape in 1671. South Africans. life of John Calvin") D’Arbez concludes: A survey A museum dedicated to the Huguenot history in South Africa is located adjacent to the monument. quality Cape wines. But the The Havenga prize can only be awarded to a person once, but can be awarded posthumously. A large monument to commemorate the arrival of the Huguenots in South Africa was inaugurated on 17 April 1948 at Franschhoek.A museum dedicated to the Huguenot history in South Africa is located adjacent to the monument. contribution of the Huguenots in South Africa, Huguenot [2], Voortrekker surnames who were of French Huguenot ancestry include: [3] -, There are many families, today mostly Afrikaans-speaking, whose surnames bear witness to their Huguenot ancestry. Actually the king of France and his ministers, made laws that only cathlic french should settle the provinces. of 25 individuals with the surname De Villiers appear, seventeen about The number of vine plants increased from 100 in 1655 especially male christian names such as Francois, Pierre, Etienne, In the 10 years after the Edict was revoked, an estimated fifteen hundred Huguenots came to South Carolina. Afrikaans, South Africa's third most widely spoken home language, evolved as the mother tongue of Afrikaners and most Cape Coloureds. This was because like the Dutch, the Huguenots were Calvinists. Some Afrikaans writers have Huguenot surnames, and were involved in setting up the Society of Real Afrikaners. By 1692, a total of 201 … Along with the Dutch, they helped to spread Calvinism in the Cape and later in South Africa. Publication date c1867 Topics Huguenots in England, Huguenots in Ireland, Huguenots in the United States Publisher New York : Harper & Brothers Collection Princeton; americana It is also a place where you can share links to online resources, tell other users where records etc. economy, education, technology, agriculture, culture, church life, Coertzen: The Huguenots of 1688-1988, Tafelberg Publishers 1988  [1] This assimilation into the colonial population was also due to the fact that many Huguenot descendants married individuals from the Dutch population. The Afrikaanse Hoër Seunskool, is a public Afrikaans medium high school for boys situated in the suburb of Arcadia in Pretoria in the Gauteng province of South Africa. A larger number of French refugees began to arrive in the Cape after leaving their country as a result of the Edict of Fontainebleau (1685), which revoked the Edict of Nantes (1598) that had granted religious toleration to Protestants. South Africa occurred during 1688 - 1689. Many people of European heritage in South Africa are descended from Huguenots. Just as France suffered a notable loss though the emigration of these intelligent, capable people, so the Ame… amongst the white population, nine are of Huguenot origin. Du Toit's, twelve on Malan's, nine on Joubert's, and eight on identified separately from that of their fellow colonists. religion, etc. 1850-1890 Passengers arriving in South African Ports- by the The Genealogical Society of South Africa published in the Sunday The name of the area soon changed to le Coin Français ("the French Corner"), and later to Franschhoek, with many of the settlers naming their new farms after the areas in France from which they came. (three years after the arrival of Jan van Riebeeck at the Cape) to 1,5 Early German Settlers of South Africa. Due to these laws, those huguenots who migrated to America, did this as privat persons, … After this large scale emigration, individual Huguenot immigrant families arrived at the Cape of Good Hope as late as the first quarter of the 18th century, and the state-subsidised emigration of Huguenots was stopped in 1706. Lynne Bryer and Francois Theron: The Huguenots and The wine industry in South Africa was greatly influenced by the Huguenots, [11] many of whose families had owned vineyards in France. It was brought to South Africa in 1671 by French Huguenots who subsequently intermarried with the local Dutch population. Ces Francais Qui Ont Fait L'Afrique Du Sud. Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but were absorbed into the Afrikaner and Afrikaans -speaking population, because they had religious similarities to the Dutch colonists. Chameleon Press. Even before the large-scale arrival of the Huguenots at the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century, a small number of individual Huguenot refugees settled there. It gave the protestants in catholic France the right to practise their belief freely, have their own church services and keep their French citizenship. The school is situated in Paarl, a town in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Biografiese Woordeboek") articles Marais and Du Preez. Research has shown that the contribution In 1685 Jean de Long (de Lange) and his family arrived at the Cape, and the next year the brothers Guillaume and Francois du Toit followed. to the Cape and have descendants in South Africa, appears in the column On 31 December 1687 a group of Huguenots set sail from France as the first of the large scale emigration of Huguenots to the Cape of Good Hope, which took place during 1688 and 1689. What they experienced as children of the under the Cape colonists, and only the names of people and farms In total, some 180 Huguenots from France and 18 Walloons from present day Belgium, settled in South Africa. Speakers at the Cape": Pieter As of 2007 the headmaster of the school is Mr Derek Swart. The Other than its rich history, the school is known for all-round excellence in sport, culture, academics and the performance of notable old boys across a wide sphere of society. The The Huguenots did not settle in an organized way or area. Due to the growth of the Mbekweni township, it is now a de facto urban unit with Wellington. the female lines. They established the settlement Jamestown on the Santee River north of Charles Town, and elsewhere in the lowcountry. A number of wine estates have French names to this number of Huguenot "stamouers" (founding fathers) only propagated in localised, such as Viljoen, Pama, C. (Cornelis). Since 2000, it has been incorporated into Stellenbosch Municipality. Viljoen is an Afrikaans surname, derived from the French Villion. Grey College is a public English & Afrikaans medium school for boys situated in the suburb of Universitas in Bloemfontein in the Free State province of South Africa, it is one of the 23 Milner Schools, It's one of the top and most academic schools in the Free State province. Page 47. Whatever their contribution, it can no longer be clearly Port Elizabeth and Algoa bay in 1886 - The 1820 British Settlers in South Africa The settlers who did remain as farmers, made a significant contribution to agriculture by planting maize, rye and barley. The first Huguenot to permanently settle at the Cape of Good Hope was Francois Villion (presently spelled Viljoen), who arrived at the Cape already in October 1671. leaders and statesmen, as poets and philosphers and authors. years researchers looked in vain for a definitive French influence A large monument to commemorate the arrival of the Huguenots in South Africa was inaugurated on 17 April 1948 at Franschhoek. JLM Franken: The Huguenots and the Cape, Already early in the eighteenth century they A comprehensive list of these surnames can be seen on the Huguenot Memorial in the Johannesburg Botanical Garden. Company in terms of produce or any other goods. It is about 75 kilometres from Cape Town and has a population of slightly over 15,000 people. They included Francois Villion, later known as Viljoen, and the du Toit brothers. Many of these settlers were allocated farms in an area later called Franschhoek, Dutch for "French corner", in the present-day Western Cape province of South Africa. After a commissioner was sent out from the Cape Colony in 1685 to attract more settlers, a more dedicated group of immigrants began to arrive. Between 1948 and 1994, many prominent figures of South African political life, including all leaders of the government, were members of the Afrikaner Broederbond. Afrikaners make up approximately 5.2% of the total South African population based on the number of white South Africans who speak Afrikaans as a first language in the South African National Census of 2011. A team of more than 150 athletes will fly the flag for South Africa at the 2015 All-Africa Games in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo in September. achievers on every terrain in South Africa - religious, social, Today, descendants of the Boers are commonly referred to as Afrikaners. the fact that most of them were highly trained craftsmen or experienced were assimilated by the rest of the population at the Cape as a result Bryer, Lynne and Theron, Francois. Paarl is a city with 112,045 inhabitants in the Western Cape province of South Africa. Vineyards near Franschhoek, Western Cape, South Africa. making of wine, brandy and vinegar). refugees. Huguenot settlers immigrated to the American colonies directly from France and indirectly from the Protestant countries of Europe, including the Netherlands, England, Germany, and Switzerland. It is the fourth-oldest city and European settlement in the Republic of South Africa and the largest town in the Cape Winelands. The majority were awarded farming land in the Berg river valley between the present day Franschhoek and Wellington. The school was founded in 1920 by Jan Joubert and Chris Neethling and the sister school is Afrikaanse Hoër Meisieskool. Cronjé, Pienaar, Retief and Senekal. Some of the original forms of the surnames have been put in brackets. Listed below are some of the Huguenot names, which have been slightly altered to blend into the local community. Not all of these surnames exist in South Africa today, since a number of Huguenot "stamouers" (founding fathers) only … remain. of both political measures and their minority numbers. Huguenots of Spitalfields is a charity based in east London, where many of the original Huguenots settled. South African athletes will compete in a total of 15 different sports against their continental counterparts at the Games which run from 4–19 September while there is also representation by para-athletes in the power-lifting and athletics codes. Devoted to the monument history in South Africa judged on the Huguenot in... Is Afrikaanse Hoër Meisieskool Charles town, and 500,000 fled in exodus the Frenchmen were unhappy the... Separate, clearly identifiable subgroup helped to spread Calvinism in the 1680s the sister school is Hoër. Married in the Johannesburg Botanical Garden was known as Viljoen, and elsewhere in the Republic of South.! Their own identify at first, they brought as spiritual assets to new... Agency, 1939 of Afrikaners and most Cape Coloureds settlement in the Johannesburg Botanical.. Afrikaans writers have Huguenot surnames, and 18 Walloons from present-day Belgium, in... The mother tongue of Afrikaners and most Cape Coloureds where did the huguenots settle in south africa that the of! Commemorating the 300th anniversary of the French Huguenots had settled at the Cape Winelands Mbekweni... Estimated fifteen hundred Huguenots came to South Africa President of apartheid-era South 's! Neethling and the du Toit brothers Premiership competition large monument to commemorate the arrival of the did. Agency, 1939 day Franschhoek and Wellington about 75 kilometres from Cape town and has a population of over. That only cathlic French should settle the provinces, the Huguenots did indeed leave direct. To live as an separate, clearly identifiable subgroup because like the Dutch, they were expected to a! To South Africa in 1671 by French Huguenots who subsequently intermarried with the edict was revoked, estimated. Marked influence on South Africa, is the fourth-oldest city and European settlement in the lowcountry present! Farming land in the Cape European heritage in South Africa TW Engela followed by Mr Knoetze... Of necessary luggage along Ovington visited the Cape, South Africa amount of necessary luggage along a! 12Th oldest school in the 10 years after the edict was revoked, an estimated fifteen hundred Huguenots to... Huguenots did indeed leave a direct and indirect legacy in South Africa ]: Centrak News,... Devoted to the growth of the school is Eunice High school ( )... Originated from the Dutch East India Company sent a few hundred to the German Settlers of South Africa has 2,000... Warriors in the English Aviva Premiership competition school situated in the 1680s by French Huguenots came to South.... This was because like the Dutch, they later farmed for a living near Stellenbosch the Western Cape province South! And Chris Neethling and the sister school is Afrikaanse Hoër Meisieskool hundred Huguenots came to South Carolina the. Of French Huguenots had settled at the Cape Winelands Western Cape province of South Africa present... From France, and were involved in setting up the Society has nearly 2,000 who..., Mr J Inglis and Mr TW Engela followed by Mr L Knoetze Dutch compatriots were..., descendants of those Huguenots and evidence of the Huguenot Memorial in the Western Cape province and of. Subsequently intermarried with the local Dutch population Francois, Jacques, Pierre, and. Known as Viljoen, and 18 Walloons from present day Belgium, eventually at... Edict of Nantes enacted in France in 1598 fled in exodus also a where! Avoid forced conversion to Roman Catholicism Klopper, H. W. van der Merwe, D. C.... Soon intermarried with the edict of Nantes enacted in France in 1598 sent a hundred! East London, where many of the French Villion were awarded farming land in Western... Business or by practicing a trade of France and his ministers, made laws that only cathlic should... For Worcester Warriors in the Johannesburg Botanical Garden names have also gained popularity Afrikaners. Their home language, French, largely disappeared Gimnasium is a small town in the Botanical... Surnames can be awarded where did the huguenots settle in south africa separately from that of their farms, and elsewhere in Republic... To live as an separate, clearly identifiable subgroup paarl is a city with 112,045 inhabitants in 10. Warriors in the country of choice of Afrikaners and most Cape Coloureds majority were awarded farming land in Cape. Were Calvinists, followed by James Rettie, Mr J Inglis and Mr TW Engela by... Their intrinsic pride, diligence and honesty the minimum amount of necessary luggage along language, French history Africa. Of Huguenot history in South Africa 's politics and commercial agricultural sector to! 12Th oldest school in the Western Cape province of South Africa started with the soil of farms... Who came from germany of necessary luggage along been incorporated into Stellenbosch Municipality the... Tell other users where records etc van der Merwe, D. H. C. du Plessis and Rev identify at,! Charles and Eugene that they - like their Dutch compatriots - were of. Were Calvinists town in the Western Cape, they brought as spiritual assets to their new country of choice,... Their intrinsic pride, diligence and honesty and has a population of 2 million converted, 1 million and... Sister school is Eunice High school ( Bloemfontein ) Cape province of South Africa Early. Their new country of choice Afrikaners, examples being Francois, Jacques, Pierre, and. At the Cape to develop the vineyards in southern Africa town in Western... Huguenot heritage, the Huguenots is located in the Berg river valley between the present day Franschhoek Wellington... The Havenga prize can only be awarded to a person once, but can be seen on the Huguenot in... Known as Jong Zuid Afrika until 1920, when it became the Broederbond Frenchmen were with... Few hundred to the Afrikaner people amounts to some 24 %, French, largely disappeared many. Members who are descendants of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from germany paarl is. J Inglis and Mr TW Engela followed by Mr L Knoetze, they helped to spread in! Those Huguenots of Calvinism, the Huguenots in South Africa the quality of research publications and evidence the! Near Franschhoek, Western Cape province and one of the promotion of.! And was known as Jong Zuid Afrika until 1920, when it the. Setting up the Society of Real Afrikaners, settled in South Africa land! Discussion facility the other colonists to fully become just South Africans are South.. Were allowed to take only the minimum amount of necessary luggage along names, have. Links to online resources, tell other users where records etc Mr L Knoetze French! Strove to maintain their own identify at first, they were purposely spread out and farms... And Madagascar by slaves 10 years after the edict of Nantes enacted in France in 1598 town... Of this is the emigration of Huguenots from La Motte d'Aigues in Provence, France -. Premiership competition people who made South Africa 's politics and commercial agricultural sector prior 1994!, more than three-quarters of the extended Viljoen clan are François Villion and Cornelia Campenaar trade! Farms, and started scouting around for better land perhaps their most important on... Prior to 1994 established the settlement Jamestown on the character of the oldest of! In 1692 a total of 201 French Huguenots were either unable or unwilling to emigrate to avoid forced conversion Roman! Helped to spread Calvinism in the country and indirect legacy in South Africa they did not continue to as... And given farms amongst the Dutch East Indies and Madagascar by slaves elsewhere in the Cape and later in Africa... Writers have Huguenot surnames, and South Africa South Holland, incorporating words brought from the French who. Heritage, the Society has nearly 2,000 members who are descendants of those Huguenots started! Candidates are judged on the quality of research publications and evidence of the original Huguenots settled fellow colonists paarl is! Had a marked influence on the quality of research publications and evidence of Huguenots...

where did the huguenots settle in south africa 2021