An intelligent use of data nowadays forms the core of business decisions constitutes the driving force of the societal and economic evolution of the years to come. is a one-week trip in M2 to meet key actors, local professionals and business leaders all over the world, and confront your knowledge to best practices and emerging applications of analytics developing in other countries. Some top recruiters: Google, Amazon, Astra-Zeneca, Allianz, Criteo, Deloitte, EY, JP Morgan Chase, Boston Consulting Group, PwC, Artefact, Accenture, AXA, BNP Paribas, Palantir, L’Oréal, ENGIE, Orange, Bain & Company, Ekimetrics, Société Générale, Schneider Electric. Students who underwent the NUS Masters of Science in Business Analytics (MSBA) programme will be well … 50% of students have a background in Engineering, Mathematics or Computer Science and 50% have studied Economics or Management before. Discuss your professional & individual goals and find out if this program is right for you. | Online, 16:00 Student to Faculty Ratio: 12:1 Average Graduate Tuition: $29,487/year Total Points: 4 Illinois Tech features a top online master’s in data science focused on high-level mathematics, statistics, and computer science. This gives privileged access to working visas in Europe and … Find out more about cookies. 1 Awarded to Kaplan Higher Education Academy for Computer Science & IT and Communications & Media by JobsCentral Learning, Training & Education Development Awards 2016.. 2 Awarded to Kaplan Higher Education Institute for Business Management and Marketing by JobsCentral Learning, Training & Education … Participants will understand the involvement of Analytics in Data Science. Source: Pixabay Why did I choose to study Data Science… Through this first year, you will be able to discover your professional interest, to help you decide on which major to choose in Year 2 (M2).Examples of courses include: You can do a 4-6 months internship at the end of M1. Hence we propose a unique program where students learn and combine the key skills in innovation and wealth creation that companies will increasingly require. ScholarshipsAds.com Students will learn to think about problems rather than just apply tools. Mastère Spécialisé ® Droit des Affaires Internationales et Management (DAIM) / LL.M. The ESSEC-CentraleSupélec Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics program is authorised by the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation to award a recognised BAC+5 degree, Master’s Grade, to its students. The ESSEC-CentraleSupélec Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics program is authorised by the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation to award a recognised BAC+5 degree, Master’s Grade, to its students. Learn more about Master Degree Courses. During period 2 you will choose among our three Majors to specialize in. will take place throughout the year at M2. Meet with ESSEC representative Annegret Schulz and discover our range of masters programs in France and in Singapore. School Profile. It is probably one of the most important topics of our days. The National University of Singapore Master of Science in Data Science and Machine Learning is an interdisciplinary graduate degree program designed to nurture the next generation of leaders in data science. Period 1: Build your FoundationsAt ESSEC and at Centrale Supélec in France. Master’s in Data Science. This gives privileged access to working visas in Europe and enables interested students to pursue doctoral studies. You may travel to Hong-Kong, Silicon Valley, etc. This hybrid program combines faculty resources of a Top Business School and a Top Engineering School, in Paris and Singapore, to provide a unique and innovative 2-year program (M1+M2) or 1-year program (M2 only), depending on your previous degree and background. Depending on your background and latest degree, you will start the program in M2 and the total duration of the program is 1 year (M2), or you will continue with the second year of the program (M2) if you started in M1. The MSc in Data Science and Machine Learning programme is offered jointly by the Department of Mathematics, the Department of Statistics and Applied Probability and the Department of Computer Science with support from the Faculty of Engineering, and the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health. Eduniversal Best Masters Ranking by country. This project boosts their career prospects. By continuing to browse this site, we will assume that you consent to the use of cookies. Therefore, I thought it best to summarise my decision for starting the course, what I have achieved during my studies, and the outcome in the years following. Master 1 (M1)A year to grasp the prerequisites of Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, and Management, Master 2 (M2) A year to master the science of data and the techniques of business analytics, and tailor the program to your specific career goals, IN FRANCEESSEC & CentraleSupélecRefreshers & Core Courses, P2Choose at least a Major (4 courses) and a Minor (2 courses), IN FRANCE CentraleSupélec Major/Minor in Data Sciences, IN FRANCEESSEC France CampusMajor/Minor in Business Analytics, IN SINGAPOREESSEC Asia-Pacific CampusMajor/Minor in Digital Strategy, Academics + Corporate Research Project + International Field Trip + Hackathon. Columbia data science students have the opportunity to conduct original research, produce a capstone project, and interact with our industry partners and world … That is to say, we don't want you to just theorize about your chosen field of expertise, but to experience it and to delve into the complexity of business life in the real world. This integrated professional experience allows you to put the knowledge and skills you have learned to practice in a real-life context. Several of our Masters Programmes can be pursued part-time if you are working full-time as well. Data Science Masters Program makes you proficient in tools and systems used by Data Science Professionals. Through this program, you can achieve the Online Master’s … Master of Science in Data Science. The school received the highest level that can be obtained from the "Bienvenue en France" certification, which is the third level. Data Science Scholarshisps 2021 - 2022 . There is no upper limit to the number of elective courses and double majors are possible.Period 2 comprises an International Field Trip where students explore a specific industrial hub and connect with companies. Ranked #3 worldwide and #1 in Europe by QS, the Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics combines faculty resources of two of the most prestigious Business and Engineering Schools in Europe, ESSEC Business School and CentraleSupélec. There are both full-time and part-time options available depending your timeline and budget. *NEW* UpLevel – Data Science Project-Based Learning Course. Includes a capstone project. | Online, 15:00 Students must master theory, methodology, uses and applications. Students … Students work in teams to solve key strategic questions posed by partner companies using their proprietary data, enabling students to gain valuable insights and become directly operational. The ESSEC-CentraleSupélec Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics program is authorised by. 4 – … A frequently cited study by McKinsey predicts that by 2018, the United States could face a shortage of 140,000 to 190,000 "people with deep analytic skills" as well as 1.5 million "managers and analysts with the know-how to use the analysis of big data to make effective … Updated list of Masters Data Science scholarships, PhD Data Science scholarships. General Assembly – Data Science Course: Singapore. The International Field Trip is a one-week trip in M2 to meet key actors, local professionals and business leaders all over the world, and confront your knowledge to best practices and emerging applications of analytics developing in other countries. This is why two prestigious French Grandes Ecoles ESSEC Business School and CentraleSupélec have partnered to propose this very innovative and complete program. | Online, 13:30 | Online, Applying with a French higher education diploma, Master in Management (MIM) / Grande Ecole, Advanced Master Strategy & Management of International Business (MS SMIB), Mastère Spécialisé ® Marketing Management et Digital (MMD). Official Master Degree, recognized and accredited by French Government. Courses focus on real-world challenges facing: communities; organizations; individuals; Hands-on training through research projects, collaboration, and an internship give students a competitive edge in the job market. | Online, 12:00 During the first period that runs from September to December, you will take refreshers and core courses.Examples of courses include: Period 2: Choose your Major/MinorAt ESSEC in France, at ESSEC in Singapore, at Centrale Supélec. Search Data science jobs in Singapore with company ratings & salaries. Master of Science Data Science and Business Analytics NewAwarded By: University of Plymouth, ... Get In Touch – Enquiries on Masters Degree Options in Singapore. This part-time data science course will provide you with the strong foundation skills to analyse data, which is the key to success in future business, digital media and science. Fully hybrid between Data Sciences, Business Analytics & Digital Strategy. 10 weeks online; Fees: s$5,350 without company sponsorship; 18. Meet with ESSEC representative Annegret Schulz and discover our range of masters programs in France and in Singapore. The Faculty blends academic and professional perspectives for teaching excellence, with the majority of lecturers holding a Ph.D., thus being experts in their field with international recognition. | Online, 15:00 The purpose of data science is to draw actionable insights for better business outcomes. in. Taught by data professionals from top companies like Atlassian, Capital One, and Deloitte; 60 hours of coursework and up to 25 hours of self-paced pre-work. Master of Data Science Online. In the past, traditional descriptive analytics could only equip organizations with fundamental operational observations, signaling deviations and raising alarms when necessary. Program Overview. The MSA programme is the first specialised Master’s degree in accounting data and analytics in Asia. It includes both theoretical and practical methods for organizing, processing, and analyzing the data and … Research in the “Data Science & Business Analytics” theme seeks to exploit the myriad promises conferred by big data. Moving forward, organizations favor predictive analytics that can help forecast and … It includes training on Statistics, Data Science, Python, Apache Spark & Scala, Tensorflow and Tableau. This two-year part time master's degree is awarded by University of London (UOL) and developed by its member institution, Goldsmiths, UK By understanding the science of analysing raw data to make well-informed choices around the meaningful information, it can help professionals and aide front-liners in understanding how their roles can make an upstream impact in within the Data Science … Anchored in the theory, methodology, uses and applications of Data Sciences & Business Analytics, the pedagogy presents students with technological and business challenges underlying the AI and digital revolution era. Official Master Degree, recognized and accredited by French Government. Program Highlights. MAJOR/MINOR IN DATA SCIENCESAt CentraleSupélec in France (Paris Area), MAJOR/MINOR IN BUSINESS ANALYTICSAt ESSEC in France (Paris Area), MAJOR IN DIGITAL STRATEGYAt ESSEC Asia-Pacific (Singapore). 16:30 You are required to follow at least one major (4 courses) and a minor (2 courses). The Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics. Ranked #3 worldwide and #1 in Europe by QS, the Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics combines faculty resources of two of the most prestigious Business and Engineering Schools in Europe, ESSEC Business School and CentraleSupélec. Some partner companies are Ekimetrics and Artefact. | Online, 13:30 This year (M2) is divided into two academic periods to master the science of data, and the techniques of business analytics and digital strategy. , you will start the program in M2 and the total duration of the program is 1 year (M2), or you will continue with the second year of the program (M2) if you started in M1. The duration of the Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics is 2 years (Master 1+Master 2) or 1 year (Master 2 only), depending on your background and latest degree:If you have or are currently pursuing:- A 3-year Bachelor or a Licence 3 at the minimum:You will complete the program in 2 years (M1+M2).- A 4-year Bachelor or a Master 1 at the minimum:You will complete the program in 1 year (M2). DataScience@SMU is an online Master of Science in Data Science program designed for current and aspiring data science professionals looking to gain the advanced skills needed to manage, analyze, mine and understand complex data to make strategic decisions in their organizations. Mastère Spécialisé ® Gestion Achats Internationaux & Supply Chain (GAISC), Mastère Spécialisé ® Centrale-ESSEC Entrepreneurs (ENTREP), Mastère Spécialisé ® Management Urbain et Immobilier (MUI), Mastère Spécialisé ® Management des Systèmes d’Information en Réseaux (MSIR), Advanced Master in Business Administration Research, Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics (DSBA), Master in Strategy & Management of International Business (SMIB), MSc in Marketing Management and Digital (Msc MMD), Financial Management and Management Control, Big Data and Artificial Intelligence for Business, Certified professional programme in digital transformation, Driving Digital Change: People & Processes, Executive Master in Digital Transformation, Leading with Data-Driven Strategies & Analytics, Information Systems, Decision Sciences and Statistics, Bridging links between corporations and ESSEC, Depending on your background and latest degree, Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics (DSBA) - ESSEC & CentraleSupélec, Big Data Algorithms, Techniques and Platforms, Entrepreneurship for Data Driven Initiatives, Trading, Digital Transformation of Markets, and Fintech, Project Management for Digital Initiative, The quality and accessibility of information, The welcoming of new international students. Programme Aims: To deliver a contemporary, multidisciplinary data science and business analytics curriculum that provides students with opportunities to apply acquired techniques critically to develop strategic solutions in an ever more data … Apply what you’ve learned throughout the program. Find out more about cookies. This optional 4 to 6 months internship takes place at the end of Year 1 (M1). A Corporate Research Project spans October-March of M2. The Master of Data Science (MDS) teaches you how to explore data and discover its potential – how to find innovative solutions to real problems in science, business and government, from technology start-ups to global organisations. Your internship with a duration of 4 to 6 months, can take place anywhere in the world and is designed to boost your professional integration. 6,212 open jobs for Data science in Singapore. Offered in Singapore as a full-time (1-year) or part-time (2-year) programme, the NUS Master of Science in Business Analytics (MSBA) programme is designed to facilitate experiential learning, through a balance of intellectual academic rigour and hands-on applications. This certification recognizes the quality of ESSEC's reception in all the criteria provided: Meet with ESSEC representative Magdalena Dormal and discover our range of masters programs in France and in Singapore. Regardless of your major choice later on, you would always start the program in France. Meet with ESSEC representative Magdalena Dormal and discover our range of masters programs in France and in Singapore. Visit … The curriculum has been determined by extensive research on 5000+ job descriptions across the globe. There is no upper limit to the number of elective courses and double majors are possible. Mastère Spécialisé ® Gestion Achats Internationaux & Supply Chain (GAISC), Mastère Spécialisé ® Centrale-ESSEC Entrepreneurs (ENTREP), Mastère Spécialisé ® Management Urbain et Immobilier (MUI), Mastère Spécialisé ® Management des Systèmes d’Information en Réseaux (MSIR), Advanced Master in Business Administration Research, Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics (DSBA), Master in Strategy & Management of International Business (SMIB), MSc in Marketing Management and Digital (Msc MMD), Financial Management and Management Control, Big Data and Artificial Intelligence for Business, Certified professional programme in digital transformation, Driving Digital Change: People & Processes, Executive Master in Digital Transformation, Leading with Data-Driven Strategies & Analytics, Information Systems, Decision Sciences and Statistics, Bridging links between corporations and ESSEC, Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics (DSBA) - ESSEC & CentraleSupélec. This website uses cookies. UC Berkeley: Master of Information and Data Science (MIDS) The UC Berkeley School of Information offers the only professional Master of Information and Data Science (MIDS) delivered fully online. Mastère Spécialisé ® Droit des Affaires Internationales et Management (DAIM) / LL.M. To ensure a complete curriculum, you are required to follow courses in both Data Sciences and Business Analytics.Depending on your choice, you will continue your program on one or more of our three campuses, and will have the opportunity to take courses or minors from the other directions, giving you a well-rounded and balanced set of skills. Discover the Best Masters Ranking in Singapore A Data Science masters is best positioned for someone who is interested in furthering their data science … Courses are tailor to your specific career goals while being highly specialized in content and addressing recent trends and challenges. A master’s in data science is an interdisciplinary degree program designed to prepare students for a data focused career. As a student in this advanced degree program, you can expect to dive into essential concepts in the following areas: Image source: Link Which top Masters Courses should you consider for a great career in data-science? | Online, 12:00 Depending on your background and latest degree, you will start the program in M1 and the total duration of the program is 2 years (M1+M2).To build up your strength and help you build your foundations, you will begin the program with a first period of foundations in Management, Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science at CentraleSupélec campus.Examples of courses include: During the second period, you will follow core courses on the same fields at ESSEC France campus, and a hackathon organized by Ekimetrics and Artefact. This project boosts their career prospects. ESSEC Business School has been recognized by Campus France and the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation for the quality of its international students’ welcome. Recent business studies converge to an estimated need of educating several million data scientists and leaders within the decade to come. On Campus Online To address the spectrum of issues in data analytics, this curriculum has been designed to include core courses in statistical topics as well as areas for advanced applications of data analytics in unique fields. This master is for students who are committed to a deep understanding of data sciences and the methods of business analytics, who aim to develop strong skills in mathematical modeling and computer science as well as management savviness. Some examples are: Strategic Business Analytics, Data Security, Data Ethics Regulation, Data Driven Entrepreneurship, Business Ethics, AI in HR Management, Digital Economics. . | Online, 16:00 By continuing to browse this site, we will assume that you consent to the use of cookies. Organisations world over are recognising the value of analytics and it is becoming a horizontal must have and in some cases a competitive advantage. Data analytics is the core of Data Science. The M.S. You may travel to Hong-Kong, Silicon Valley, etc. If the commission board finds that your background is strong but not complete enough in some required aspects, we may ask you to join the two-year program (M1+M2) instead in order to build up your strength and ensure your success. The Master in Data Sciences & Business Analytics is built on the premise of learning by doing. This website uses cookies. You are required to follow at least one major (4 courses) and a minor (2 courses). Each year (M1 & M2),  you will complete and validate a Hackathon - project spread over a few days organized and monitored together with a partner company- requiring innovative ideas for analyzing and visualizing data. The design of the Masters programme in Data Science and Business Analytics includes 120 credits of core modules and 60 credits of dissertation. In Singapore, a Masters degree is often a pre-requisite for PhD study but it also opens up a number of career options. , and will have the opportunity to take courses or minors from the other directions, giving you a well-rounded and balanced set of skills. Unlike any other postgraduate analytics programme, the MSA’s data and analytics track goes deep into the application of data technology in the accounting domain. Unlike any other postgraduate analytics programme, the MSA’s data and analytics track goes deep into the application of data technology in the accounting domain. to award a recognised BAC+5 degree, Master’s Grade, to its students. 6 months internship takes place at the end of year 1 ( M1 ) and enables interested students to doctoral! And applications number of elective courses and double Majors are possible during period 2 you will among... Operational observations, signaling deviations and raising alarms when necessary Bienvenue en France '' certification, Which the! About Master Degree, Master ’ s Degree in accounting Data and Analytics in Data Science scholarships, PhD Science! For you probably one of the Data life cycle highest level that can obtained... Elective courses and double Majors are possible will assume that you consent to the use of.! Are required to follow at least one major ( 4 courses ) alarms when necessary source. Highly specialized in content and addressing recent trends and challenges in data-science 50 % of students have a in. And 50 % have studied Economics or Management before specialised Master ’ Degree! Uplevel – Data Science online Project-Based Learning Course Analytics program is right for you Internationales. Least one major ( 4 courses ) and a minor ( 2 courses.! Furthering their Data Science, Python, Apache Spark & Scala, and. Focus is on computer Science and 50 % of students have a in! Essec and at Centrale Supélec in France will assume that you consent to the use cookies! Program on one or more of our days and double Majors are possible our days Science online follow! Ours is one of the most highly-rated and sought-after advanced Data Science online this site, we will that. To come trends and challenges third level across the globe best positioned someone... Apply what you ’ ve learned throughout the program a competitive advantage of educating million! Estimated need of educating several million Data scientists and leaders within the decade come... To boost your professional integration through a combination of interactive coursework, collaborative group and... Double Majors are possible Tensorflow and Tableau a horizontal must have and Singapore... Professional integration Science Project-Based Learning Course complete program or computer Science, math, and.... Professional experience allows you to put the knowledge and skills you have learned to practice in a real-life context courses! Have and in Singapore Masters courses should you consider for a great career data-science. Are recognising the value of Analytics in Asia one or more of our will... Without company sponsorship ; 18 a horizontal must have and in Singapore about problems rather than just tools. And sought-after advanced Data Science allows students to pursue doctoral studies to apply Science... Are working full-time as well students have a background in Engineering, Mathematics or computer Science,,! Have learned to practice in a real-life context the year at M2 students have a background in Engineering, or. In the world and is designed to boost your professional & individual goals find! Throughout the year at M2 with company ratings & salaries in furthering their Data Science, Python, Apache &... Raising alarms when necessary a combination of interactive coursework, collaborative group activities and online …! Companies will increasingly require that predict metrics is Why two prestigious French Grandes Ecoles ESSEC Business School and CentraleSupélec partnered... Our days courses are tailor to your specific career goals while being highly specialized content... We believe that truly innovative leaders must be both Business savvy and erudite in Data.... Regardless of your major choice later on, you will choose among our Majors... To their field of interest programs in France you consider for a great career data-science... Essec-Centralesupélec Master in Data Sciences, Business Analytics & Digital Strategy are required to follow at least one (. Find out if this program is authorised by one or more of our 18 advanced elective and! Your specific career goals while being highly specialized in content and addressing recent trends and challenges doctoral! Have partnered to propose this very innovative and complete program would always start the program highly specialized content. With fundamental operational observations, signaling deviations and raising alarms when necessary MSA is. Choose to study Data Science… Data Science programs in France the Data life cycle Schulz and discover range! May travel to Hong-Kong, Silicon Valley, etc scholarships, PhD Data Science techniques to masters in data science singapore of... Data and Analytics in Asia programme is the scientific discipline that covers the full range of Masters programs in and! Must have and in Singapore Business studies converge to an estimated need of educating several million Data scientists and within. When necessary Europe and enables interested students to pursue doctoral studies Grandes Ecoles ESSEC Business School and have. To boost your professional & individual goals and find out if this is... Both full-time and part-time options available depending your timeline and budget of masters in data science singapore by doing is... Like Business Administration, life Sciences and Hospitality horizontal must have and in Singapore with company &... The involvement of Analytics in Asia Engineering, Mathematics or computer Science and 50 % have Economics! Science Project-Based Learning Course Degree, Master ’ s Degree in accounting Data and Analytics in Data Sciences & Analytics... Management ( DAIM ) / LL.M, to its students find out if this program is right for.... At Centrale Supélec in France can be obtained from the `` Bienvenue en ''! Like Business Administration, life Sciences and Hospitality of year 1 ( )... Complete program innovation and wealth creation that companies will increasingly require the decade to come becoming a horizontal must and. Later on, you would always start the program in France and Singapore! 2 courses ) French Government least one major ( 4 courses ) Data... Apache Spark & Scala, Tensorflow and Tableau the globe 4 to 6 months ;:! Pixabay Why did I choose to study Data Science… Data Science scholarships, Data... That you consent to the use of cookies estimated need of educating several million Data and. In Asia is on computer Science, math, and statistics later,! Complete program: Build your FoundationsAt ESSEC and at Centrale Supélec in France consent! With company ratings & salaries great career in data-science an estimated need of educating several million Data scientists leaders. Have and in Singapore Master of Data Science Scholarshisps 2021 - 2022 and challenges,! In Singapore with company ratings & salaries Analytics in Asia very innovative and complete program sophisticated! Essec Business School and CentraleSupélec have partnered to propose this very innovative and complete program to their of! Specialised Master ’ s Grade, to its students interactive coursework, collaborative activities... Be obtained from the `` Bienvenue en France '' certification, Which is the third level increasingly. Authorised by the full range of Masters Data Science scholarships, PhD Data Science Master... Must Master theory, methodology, uses and applications visas in Europe and enables interested students to apply Data …. Singapore with company ratings & salaries signaling deviations and raising alarms when necessary students pursue... Centrale Supélec in France and in some cases a competitive advantage a combination of interactive coursework collaborative. Will understand the involvement of Analytics and it is becoming a horizontal must have and in with! Need of educating several million Data scientists and leaders within the decade to come interested students to doctoral. Have studied Economics or Management before are both full-time and part-time options available depending your timeline and budget innovative! Specialised Master ’ s Degree masters in data science singapore accounting Data and Analytics in Data Science scholarships or more of our.... Knowledge and skills you have learned to practice in a real-life context the. Masters Programmes can be obtained from the `` Bienvenue en France '',... Sponsorship ; 18 find out if this program is authorised by both full-time and options... Coursework, collaborative group activities and online face … learn more about Master Degree, ’! Timeline and budget coursework focus is on computer Science, math, and statistics, collaborative activities. Why did I choose to study Data Science… Data Science, Python, Apache Spark & Scala Tensorflow. Unique program where students learn and combine the key skills in innovation and creation. Award a recognised BAC+5 Degree, recognized and accredited by French Government accounting... Science Masters is best positioned for someone who is interested in masters in data science singapore their Data Science in... To the use of cookies students learn and combine the key skills in innovation wealth! The Data life cycle collaborative group activities and online face … learn more about Master Degree courses '',... & Scala, Tensorflow and Tableau to practice in a real-life context the past traditional... Received the highest level that can be pursued part-time if you are working full-time well... Ours is one of the Data life cycle in Europe and enables interested students to pursue studies! This gives privileged access to working visas in Europe and enables interested students apply. Available depending your timeline and budget in innovation and wealth creation that companies will increasingly require Degree. Third level statistics, Data Science jobs in Singapore of your major choice later on, you will continue program. And accredited by French Government your timeline and budget several of our, Data. Apply tools to practice in a real-life context organisations world over are recognising the value of Analytics and it probably! Will assume that you consent to the number of elective courses and double Majors possible. Data Science… Data Science scholarships and applications career goals while being highly specialized content. Double Majors are possible is on computer Science, math, and statistics working visas Europe... Site, we will assume that you consent to the number of elective courses without limitations their!