For example, the United States' first commercial radio station was founded in Springfield in 1921, WBZ, broadcasting from Springfield's most luxurious hotel, the Hotel Kimball. This resulted in one of the longest running border disputes in American history. [113][114] Over two weeks after the disaster, more than 250 people were still living at the MassMutual Center, homeless. Latest COVID-19 coronavirus data and map for Springfield, MA Advertisement. Washington selected Springfield for its centrality to important American cities and resources, its easy access to the Connecticut River and because, as today, the city served as the nexus for well-traveled roads. After this, "Regulators" began gathering in mobs of thousands, forcing the closure of Massachusetts' county courts. The history of Springfield, Massachusetts springs in large part from its favorable geography, situated on a steep bluff overlooking the Connecticut River's confluence with three tributaries. The population was 28,391 at the 2010 census. Springfield adalah sebuah kota di barat New England, dan berpusat di Hampden County, Massachusetts, Amerika Serikat.Springfield terletak di pinggiran sungai timur Connecticut dekat pertemuan dengan tiga sungai: Sungai Westfield bagian barat, Sungai Chicopee timur, dan Sungai Mill timur. [110] According to Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick, Springfielders were given only 10 minutes, warning that a tornado was approaching the densely populated city. There is 1 Department of Labor per 77,306 people, and 1 Department of Labor per 15 square miles. As of the 2010 census, Hampden County's population was 463,490. Find the local area code for Springfield, Massachusetts. List of Springfield Private Schools. 1; 2; 3; Page 1 of 3 ... Zillow Home Value Price Index For Springfield; Hampden County MA Zip Codes; Homes for Sale in Springfield with 3D Home Virtual Tours; Disclaimer: School attendance zone boundaries are supplied by Pitney Bowes and are subject to … Latest COVID-19 coronavirus data and map for Springfield, MA Advertisement. News of the Rebellion in Western Massachusetts reached the Continental Congress in late 1786. (The automobile had not yet been invented, so Goodyear patented his rubber stamp rather than tires, for which he later became known). Select Photo(s) General photo guidelines: Photos larger than 8.0 MB will be reduced. [83], The city's financial problems had already resulted in wage freezes for city workers, cuts in city services, layoffs, and various city fee increases; however, on June 30, 2004, the Massachusetts General Court granted control of the city (including financial, personnel, and real estate matters) to the Springfield Finance Control Board. [49] The Duryea Motor Wagon was built on the third floor of the Stacy Building in Springfield, and first publicly road-tested on Howard Bemis's farm. (State employees are not covered by federal labor laws). If the natives would not sell their corn at market prices, then Pynchon was authorized to offer more money. Find address, phone number, hours, reviews, photos and more for Mezzaluna Pizzeria - Restaurant | 450 Plumtree Rd, Springfield, MA 01118, USA on usarestaurants.info. When the Massachusetts Bay Colony heard about this controversy, it took Pynchon's side and immediately drafted a resolution that required Connecticut ships to pay a toll when entering Boston Harbor. Springfield also sits on some of the northeastern United States' most fertile soil. Led by Nathaniel Woodward and Solomon Saffery, the group left in a border crossing at the old Bissell's Ferry in Windsor, north of today's downtown Windsor and went into a line near what is currently U.S. Route 44. Pynchon likely never learned the Algonkian language, making the help of Native interpreters crucial in learning about the land and dealing with its Native inhabitants. Without reinforcements from Day, the rebels were unsuccessful in taking the Springfield Arsenal. A cemetery can have a maximum of 20 photos. In response, Governor Bowdoin dispatched a militia financed by Boston merchants led by former Revolutionary War General Benjamin Lincoln, as well as a militia of 900 men led by General William Shepard to protect Springfield. [79], As of 2011, the 400-foot (120 m) Monarch Place remains Springfield's tallest skyscraper; however, the city's lack of numerous skyscrapers is now looked on as a positive trait by city advisors such as the Urban Land Institute, who write that Springfield's "Metro Center now stands out from its peers, most of which long ago demolished the human-scale architecture that made their downtowns livable." [8] Governor Bradford of Massachusetts writes that in Windsor (the site of the Dutch trading post), "of 1,000 of [the Indians] 150 of them died." Flu Season is on-going. West Springfield Heritage Association; printed by F.A. Springfield, MA 01103. The 1953 plan called for I-91 to connect with Springfield via several state-of-the-art bridges. [15] Over decades and centuries, portions of Springfield were partitioned off to form neighboring towns; however, throughout the centuries, Springfield has remained the region's most populous and most important city. [39] The militia members, however, generally sympathized with the Regulators and more often than not, defected to the Regulators rather than remain with Massachusetts' militia. Only 4 known copies survived. Much of the water damage was repaired after WPA money was made available to Springfield. [42] Shays's Rebellion, however, was – like American Revolution – an armed uprising against a rule of law perceived to be unjust. Immediately, Duryeas were purchased by luminaries of the times, such as George Vanderbilt. The city is also known as "West Side", in reference to the fact that it is on the western side of the Connecticut River from Springfield, a fact which played a major part in the town's early history. The company's headquarters remains in Springfield and as of 2011, employs over 1200 workers. In 2018, Springfield, MA had a population of 155k people with a median age of 33 and a median household income of $36,730. Camp Wilder YMCA 1492 Parker Street Springfield, MA. [81], Springfield began experiencing fiscal trouble during the 1980s; however, the city's finances nearly collapsed in the first decade of the 21st century with budget shortfalls of approximately $40 million. This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 12:24. Thus, Springfield never received the promised economic benefit from I-91 – indeed, the highway's construction coincided with the start of Springfield's four decades of economic decline. Select a particular Springfield ZIP Code to view a more detailed map and the number of Business, Residential, and PO Box addresses for that ZIP Code.The Residential addresses are segmented by both Single and Multi-family addessses. For generations, the land that became Interstate 91 was the city's most valuable land for both economic and recreational purposes. [100], In 2010, two of Springfield's most prestigious higher education institutions built multimillion-dollar facilities, which opened in 2011. City in and county seat of Sangamon County, Illinois, United States and Illinois federated state capital city. Contents. Granville Brothers Aircraft manufactured aircraft at Springfield Airport from 1929 until their bankruptcy in 1934. Springfield is located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. In Massachusetts, Springfield is ranked 80th of 585 cities in YMCAs per capita, and 64th of 585 cities in YMCAs per square mile. It assembled nearly 3000 Silver Ghosts and Phantoms before production was halted by the Great Depression and the decision by Rolls Royce not to retool the plant. Washington selected Springfield for its centrality to important American cities and resources, its easy access to the Connecticut River and because, as today, the city served as the nexus for well-traveled roads. In 1860, Bowles was on the train to the Republican convention in Chicago where his friend, Springfield lawyer George Ashmun, was elected chairman of the convention that would eventually nominate Abraham Lincoln for president.[14]. Mezzaluna Pizzeria is located in Hampden County of Massachusetts state. [8], Today, it is claimed that King Philip incited the Agawam Indians into the attack, on a hilltop now known as King Philip's Stockade. The first building to serve as an indoor basketball court resides at Wilbraham & Monson Academy in suburban Wilbraham, and has since been converted into a dormitory (Smith Hall). Because of the seasonal nature of goods provided by Native people, compared with the constant availability of English ones, a credit system developed. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Verizon Communications. [25], Following the war, the greater part of the Native American population left Western Massachusetts behind, although land deeds between Native people and English continued into the 1680. List of Springfield YMCAs. No problems detected at USPS Skip to Main Content Accessibility ... Springfield, MA Hampden County As of Wed, Jan 13, 2021, 1:53 PM EST. On the street of Boston Post Road and street number is 1465. . The historian Charles Barrows speculates that prior to carrying out the attack, they sent messengers to Hartford to encourage facilitate the escape of the Agawam hostages being held there. The Massachusetts Department Of Labor, located in Springfield, MA, develops employment opportunities for Hampden County workers, improves the competitiveness of the workforce, and ensures fair labor practices. Brown began attending church services at the traditionally black Sanford Street Church (now St. John's Congregational Church.) Massachusetts 10 largest cities are Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, Cambridge, New Bedford, Brockton, Quincy, Lynn and Fall River. Public Property Records provide information on land, homes, and commercial properties in Springfield, including titles, property deeds, mortgages, property tax assessment records, and other documents. Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods & Other Populated Places in Hampden County, MA. Last Updated a minute ago: USPS.com is the website for the United States Postal Service. The fur trade stood at the heart of their economic interactions, a lucrative business that guided many other policy decisions. From its founding until that time, Springfield had been administered by Connecticut along with Connecticut's three other settlements: Wethersfield, Hartford, and Windsor. In Springfield, "The City of Progress," many products were invented that are still popular and necessary today. As of 2011, the exact spot where the first game took place is memorialized by an illuminated monument. What is said in Springfield is heard around the world."[63]. 1 Town Clerk; 2 Brief History; 3 Historical Data; ... Springfield, MA 01103 Phone: 413-787-6190 Fax: 413-787-6186 Email: goyola@springfieldcityhall.com Website. However, Mary was found guilty of murdering her own child, but died in prison in 1651, before her death sentence could be carried out. Based on best available data as of 1/14/2021. After years of encroaching upon Indian land and decimating the native population with European diseases, the leader of the Eastern Massachusetts Wampanoag Indian tribe, Wamsutta, died shortly after being questioned at gunpoint by Plymouth colonists. Tornado activity: Springfield-area historical tornado activity is above Massachusetts state average.It is 9% smaller than the overall U.S. average.. On 10/3/1979, a category F4 (max. In Massachusetts, Springfield is ranked 267th of 585 cities in Public Schools per capita, and 193rd of 585 cities in Public Schools per square mile. [82] Aside from overspending and gross inequities in State funding, other observers of Springfield's fiscal crisis noted a weak economy, years of incompetent management, and corruption in city government. (Redirected from West Springfield (MA)) West Springfield is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. Hartford had been keeping a fort at the mouth of the Connecticut River at Old Saybrook, for protection against various tribes and the New Netherland Colony. However, trade with the English made pelts so lucrative that the beaver was rapidly overhunted. General William Shepard's Massachusetts militia – which had been withered by defections to the Regulators – was already inside the Arsenal. Springfield is currently declining at a rate of -0.47% annually and its population has decreased by -0.12% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 153,060 in 2010. City in and county seat of Sangamon County, Illinois, United States and Illinois federated state capital city "After a Tornado, Shock: 'This Doesn't Happen in Massachusetts. On the street of Plumtree Road and street number is 450. In a show of support for abolitionism, the citizens of Springfield raised enough money to buy Jenny's freedom from the New Yorker. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. [91] It has been reported that, on its completion in 2012, Baystate will hire 550 new doctors, approximately doubling the hospital's current capacity. It prompted George Washington to come out of retirement, and catalyzed the U.S. Springfield is the largest city on the Connecticut River, New England's longest river, and the county seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The modern-day Springfield metropolitan area was inhabited by the Agawam Indians. Springfield : Lokalisering Springfield : Land USA, Land Massachusetts, Amt Hampden County. Various sites indicate millennia of fishing, horticulture, beaver-hunting, and burials. In 1836, Springfield's American Colonization Society was its first radical abolitionist group. Springfield is the actual or alternate city name associated with 21 ZIP Codes by the US Postal Service.. In response to this, the city's 62-year-old building height law was abolished, and renowned architect Pietro Belluschi designed Tower Square in the brutalist, International style, popular at the time. As of 2011, Springfield had only 20,000 fewer people than it did in its most populous Census year, 1960. [19] On reaching what would become Springfield, Mason threatened the Pocumtucs with war if they did not sell their corn at "reasonable prices." [80] With energy prices rising, Springfield's 1908 building height limit now seems like an idea that was far ahead of its time. In 1856, the world's first-ever adjustable monkey wrench was invented in Springfield. Purchases of large swaths of land from the Indians continued throughout the 17th century, enlarging Springfield's territory and forming other colonial towns elsewhere in the Connecticut River Valley. As of 2011, the MassMutual Life Insurance Company, headquartered in Springfield, is the second wealthiest company from Massachusetts listed in the Fortune 100. 24 cemeteries in Springfield, Massachusetts. As of the 2010 Census, the city's population was 153,060. [49], Today, the city of Springfield is known worldwide as the birthplace of the sport of basketball. Springfield, MA 01103 Phone 311 or 413.736.3111 M, Tu, W, F: 8:30 - 4 pm Thursday: 8:30 am - 6 pm Home / City Clerk. CNN delayed warning of the impending tornado due to a live interview with New York Congressman Anthony Weiner, who was discussing explicit photographs of himself that he had posted online. Find Springfield, Massachusetts private schools, including independent, parochial, religious and non-religious affiliated charter schools, boarding schools, Christian schools, preparatory prep schools, accredited private k-12, … The Pocumtucs capitulated and ultimately sold the colonists corn; however, Mason's violent approach led to the natives' deepening distrust of the English. The region was inhabited by several Algonkian-speaking Native American communities, culturally connected but distinguished by the place names they assigned to their respective communities: Agawam (low land), Woronco (in a circular way), Nonotuck (in the midst of the river), Pocumtuck (narrow, swift river), and Sokoki (separated from their neighbors). In 2018, Springfield, MA had a population of 155k people with a median age of 33 and a median household income of $36,730. In October 1675, warriors from other villages joined the Agawams at their village at Long Hill, preparing for one of the largest battles in King Philip's War. The Hendee Manufacturing Company, Indian's parent company, also manufactured other products such as aircraft engines, bicycles, boat motors, and air conditioners. After the foundation of Brown's organization in 1850, a slave was never again "captured" in the city. ... Springfield Hampden County; Nursery & Preschool Enrollment: 2,369 (84.6%) 5,432 (73.2%) … [121], The City of Springfield is known as the City of Firsts because, throughout the centuries, its citizens have boldly created avante-garde products, organizations, and ideas. [57][58] During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Springfield was known worldwide for its precision manufacturing and as "a beehive of diversified production." He forced the Agawams of Long Hill to send hostages down to Hartford, in a move that he hoped would prevent the Agawam people from fighting alongside their kin. [18] For decades, Springfield, which then included modern-day Westfield, was the westernmost settlement in Massachusetts. The English attacked, but the Nonotucks forced them to withdraw and were able to keep moving.[27]. Mailing address P.O. It is a Springfield city park that offers excellent views of the Connecticut River, city skyline, picnic pavilions, and a statue depicting the famous Windsor Indian who tried to warn the residents of Springfield of impending danger. United states » Massachusetts » Hampden county » Springfield 2021-01-17. It was a Native American crossroad for two major trade routes: Boston-to-Albany and New York City-to-Montreal. [38] If the Regulators had captured the Arsenal at Springfield, they would have had far more firepower than their adversaries, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, led by former U.S. General Benjamin Lincoln. [99], Major private medical investments have included Baystate Health's $300 million "Hospital of the Future". Gate of Heaven Cemetery. [77] The only exception to this law was made for the construction of Springfield's landmark, 300-foot (91 m), Italianate, Campanile – part of the Springfield Municipal Group, dedicated in 1913 by President William Howard Taft. These efforts did not succeed. [14] On Friday, September 21, 1855, the headline in The Republican read: “The Child is Born!” This marked the birth of the Republican Party. (See the article on the History of Massachusetts-Connecticut Border). The board was composed of three appointees by the State Secretary of Administration and Finance, Springfield's Mayor, and the President of the City Council.[84][85]. The first American-English dictionary was produced in Springfield in 1806 by the company now known as Merriam Webster. Then as now, a major crossroads, during the 1770s, George Washington selected a high bluff in Springfield as the site of the U.S. National Armory. Third party advertisements support hosting, listing verification, updates, and site maintenance. The actual location of the stockaded Indian village is about a mile north, off Longhill Street, on a bluff overlooking the river. [43] Ultimately, Shays's Rebellions' legacy is the United States Constitution. The land near the river was clear of trees due to burns by the Indians, and covered in nutrient-rich river silt from both floods and glacial Lake Hitchcock. Hampden County was split from Hampshire County in 1812, because Northampton, Massachusetts, was made Hampshire County's "shire town" in 1794; however, Springfield—theretofore Hampshire County's traditional shire town, dating back to its founding in 1636—grew at a pace far quicker than Northampton and was granted shire town-status over its own, southerly jurisdiction. Tornado Claims Rise; More Funding Offered « CBS Boston", "Springfield 375 | Springfield's Official 375th Anniversary Celebration Site", "Southern New England Telephone Company: The First Fifty Years, 1878-1928", "Our Plural History"–a project of Springfield Technical Community College, Cooperating Colleges of Greater Springfield, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Springfield,_Massachusetts&oldid=995135727, Springfield metropolitan area, Massachusetts, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2011, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, First Accusation of Witchcraft in the New World. [91], Concurrently, from 2007 until 2011, numerous destination events took root in Springfield, increasing liveliness in the city. United States Genealogy. The Hampden County Clerk, located in Springfield, Massachusetts, is the official keeper of public records for Hampden County. [4] Chief and Scout models were the company's best sellers from the 1920s to the 1950s. Native people began to construct and gather in palisaded “forts” - structures that were not necessary beforehand. The City of Springfield, and, in particular, the Springfield Armory played an important role in the early Industrial Revolution. In less than two minutes, much of the South End's commercial district – built more than a century ago and consisting of mostly brick, commercial buildings – lay in complete ruins, while the South End's recent improvements, e.g. During the first several years of the Financial Control Board, officials concentrated on "controlling personnel costs,"[59] However, in 2006 the FCB hired the Urban Land Institute to study Springfield and then conceive a viable plan for the city's revitalization. City of Homes Cemetery. In 1651, Mary Parsons was accused of witchcraft, and also of murdering her own child. Phone: 413-794-7739 Fax: 413-794-1451 … Swift, Esther M. West Springfield Massachusetts: A Town History. With so many dead, "rot[ting] above ground for want of burial," British colonists were emboldened to attempt significant settlement of the region. ... United States Massachusetts Hampden County, MA Springfield, MA … [104][107] Additionally, Amtrak's Vermonter runs through downtown Springfield. [4] Merriam Webster continues to maintain its worldwide headquarters in Springfield, just north of the Springfield Armory. The Arsenal at Springfield was not yet an Armory; however, it contained brass ordnance, howitzers, traveling carriages, muskets, swords, various military stores and implements, and many kinds of ammunition. 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