The term reflects a concern with extending the focus of poverty studies beyond the physical manifestations of poverty to include also vulnerability and social exclusion. First, it supports microenterprises to become organizationally and economically viable. 4.2.1 lists a set of guiding principles adopted by DFID in its support for sustainable livelihoods. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. The Sustainable Livelihood Program is a capability- building program for poor, vulnerable and marginalized families and individuals in acquiring necessary assets to engage in and maintain thriving livelihoods that help improve their socio- economic conditions. A sustainable livelihood is defined by the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) as having “the ability to cope and recover from unexpected events, while at the same time enhancing current and future capabilities” (UN-ESCAP, 2008). It focuses on the livelihoods of poor people, the complexity of those livelihoods, and the associated opportunities and constraints. The focus was on the factors that are most relevant to the farmer’s livelihoods and the relationship between these factors. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. Structures are the public and private sector organizations that set and implement policy and legislation; deliver services; and purchase, trade, and perform all manner of other functions that affect livelihoods. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.'. They grant or deny access to assets. Appreciative inquiry is a highly inclusive process that maximizes the positive (as opposed to minimizing the negative) in which a community takes responsibility for generating and gathering information and then forms strategies based on the most positive experiences of the past. Find out more. The term sustainable refers to an individual's … The use of the Asian Development Bank’s name for any purpose other than for attribution, and the use of the Asian Development Bank’s logo, shall be subject to a separate written license agreement between the Asian Development Bank and the user and is not authorized as part of this CC-IGO license. The DFID defines a sustainable livelihood (SL) based on capabilities, assets (both material and social resources) and activities required for living. People move in and out of poverty and the concept of vulnerability captures the processes of change better than poverty line measurements. Most villagers cultivate rice on small scale basis but the quality is low due to poor milling facility. It helps formulate development activities that are. LAT Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit LB Livelihood Baseline LFS Labour Force Surveys NGO Non-governmental organization OCHA Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs PDNA Post-Disaster Needs Assessment PRA Participatory Rapid Assessment / Appraisal SLF Sustainable Livelihoods Framework SSI Semi-structured Interviewing TL Team Leader Appreciative inquiry—originally developed as a tool for industry to avoid negative approaches to problem solving—extends this constructive outlook. Processes embrace the laws, regulations, policies, operational arrangements, agreements, societal norms, and practices that, in turn, determine the way in which structures operate. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. In this paper, I introduce the Household Livelihood Resilience Approach (HLRA), which draws from the sustainable livelihoods approach and it’s five capital assets to measure resilience. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. However, it makes the connection between people and the overall enabling environment that influences the outcomes of livelihood strategies. 185.2.4.101. Analysis and intervention in the SL approach is holistic and cuts across individual sectors, reflecting diversity in the livelihoods of poor people. Not affiliated The concept revolves around resources such as land/property, crops, food, knowledge, finances, social relationships, and their interrelated connection with the political, economic, and sociocultural characteristics of an individual community. For example, they can be very helpful in looking at the vulnerability of the poor to climate change and high food prices, at their resilience and ability to adapt, and at ways in which policies can help reduce vulnerability. The Department for International Development's sustainable livelihoods approach If material is not included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource-based activities, nonnatural resource-based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensification versus diversification, and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. The project targets 22 rural communities with an estimated population of 180,000 people. It invites them to look at contexts and relationships so that development activities can become more process-oriented. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. The livelihood assets, which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. Its existence underlines the need to give choice and opportunities to the poor and build their ability to take advantage of these, and extend safety nets for those who still cannot achieve their livelihood objectives in a competitive environment. It brings attention to bear on the inherent potential of people in terms of their skills, social networks, access to physical and financial resources, and ability to influence core institutions. They enable people to transform one type of asset into another through markets. 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