Prefers marshes and swamps. Mink (Mustela vison) Also known as Cachalot. Skims the surface for crustaceans. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4.3 to 6.7 inches long (including tail); distinct chestnut brown stripe running from head to tail. The Feral Horse is an introduced species. Prefers coniferous forests. Emits brown-red ink-like substance if frightened. Skilled climber. Hibernates during winter months. Rat, Marsh Rice (Oryzomys palustris) GBT also offers farm tours where you will have the opportunity to see a bison up close and learn its history and come back from near extinction. ; distinct stripe pattern running from head to tail. Squirrel, Southern Flying (Glaucomys volans) Seal, Harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) 6.3 inches long (including tail). Lives in matriarchal pod. Can leap up to 10 feet horizontally. Woodfire Kitchen (93) 1.5 mi $$ - $$$ American. Burrows. Prefers forested, mountainous regions. Also known as Biscayan Right Whale. Migratory. May be brown, gray, or tan in color. Whale, Cuvier's Beaked (Ziphius cavirostris) Semi-aquatic. Can reach speeds up to 45 mph. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Prefers farmlands and meadows. Whale, Pygmy Sperm (Kogia breviceps) Nutria (Myocastor coypus) Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; approx. The Black Rat is an introduced species. Fisher (Martes pennanti) Hibernates during winter months. Fast swimmer. Can jump more than 15 feet horizontally. Skilled climber. Burrows, and climbs. Males "sing" songs that change over time, though all males in a population sing the same song. Mouse, Meadow Jumping (Zapus hudsonius) Skims the surface for crustaceans. Also known as Many-toothed Blackfish and Electra Dolphin. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Lives alone or in pods. Highly intelligent. Coyote (Canis latrans) Burrows. Also known as Common Dolphin and Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin. The House Mouse is an introduced species. Pigmentation pattern on underside of tail or fluke similar to human fingerprint. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Slow swimmer. Skunk, Eastern Spotted (Spilogale putorius) Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 24 feet long; weighs up to 6,600 pounds; square head and black, gray, or brown back with white or gray "saddle" or patch behind dorsal fin; white-gray patch on belly and throat and white-gray stripe behind eyes; pointed flippers. Classified as Endangered. Lives alone or in small herds. Intelligent. Prefers forested, mountainous regions. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Skilled climber. Semi-aquatic. Shrew, Cinereus (Sorex cinereus) Mole, Star-nosed (Condylura cristata) Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 15.5 to 17 inches long; weighs 1.75 to 2.5 lbs. Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; 4 to 5 inches long, 11 to 13 inch wingspan. Carnivore; ziphiidae; up to 17 feet long; weighs up to 3,000 pounds; brown or gray back with lighter belly and dark patches around eyes, mouth, and dorsal fin; crease behind blowhole; wide midsection. Lives in small pod. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie (left), June 2019 & 4 inches long (including tail). Skilled climber. 6.5 inches long. Pigmentation pattern on underside of tail or fluke similar to human fingerprint. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). ; distinct stripe pattern running from head to tail. Intelligent. Prefers forested, mountainous regions. Shrew, Southeastern (Sorex longirostris) Lives in pod; Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Whale, Pygmy Sperm (Kogia breviceps) Shrew, Southern Pygmy (Sorex hoyi winnemana) 16 inches long (including tail). Skilled climber. Also known as Many-toothed Blackfish and Electra Dolphin. Maryland Departments Skilled climber. Seal, Gray (Halichoerus grypus) Male and female herds commingle only at the end of the summer for mating purposes. Maryland Universities & Colleges Acrobatic, known for breaching and slapping fins or tail against the water. Also known as Dwarf Weasel, Pygmy Weasel, and Mouse Weasel. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 4.3 to 5.5 inches long (including tail); venomous saliva (painful, but not lethal to humans). Named after Antoine Risso. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 5 to 6.7 inches long (including tail). Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Carnivore; 35 to 55 inches long; webbed feet and water-repellant fur. Granivore; diurnal; rodent; 7 to 8 inches long (excluding tail); distinct white belly. Capable of short bursts of speed. Dolphin, Bottlenose (Tursiops truncatus) Maryland Counties Maryland Counties Classified as Threatened. Lives in small matriarchal pod. Can leap up to 10 feet horizontally. Highly intelligent. Opossum, Virginia (Didelphis virginiana) Highly intelligent. Also known as White-footed Deermouse and Wood Mouse. Maryland at a Glance Maryland Constitutional Offices & Agencies Carnivore; delphinidae; 5 to 8 feet long; weighs 200 to 300 lbs. Swims and burrows. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. ; short, curved horns. Can reach speeds up to 45 mph. Distinguished from harbor seal by longer face and fewer spots on body. Vole, Southern Red-backed (Myodes gapperi) The bison, known to her keepers as Agnes, was born at … Migratory. Classified as Endangered. Whale, Short-finned Pilot (Globicephala macrorhynchus) This web site is presented for reference purposes under the doctrine of fair use. Maryland Manual On-Line Woodrat, Allegheny (Neotoma magister) Prefers farmlands and meadows. Also known as Groundhog. Omnivore; crepuscular; mephitidae; 13 to 18 inches long (excluding tail); weighs 6 to 8 lbs. Builds nests in trees. Solitary hunter. Named for Frederick W. True, who first described them. S Deer tracks on sand, New Germany State Park, Grantsville, Maryland, October 2015. Feeds by lunging into prey schools. Hibernates during winter months. Carnivorous; diurnal; mustelid; 26 to 49 inches long. Pigmentation pattern on underside of tail or fluke similar to human fingerprint. Herbivore; diurnal; cervidae; 6.3 to 8 feet long, 4.5 to 5 feet tall at shoulders; weighs 500 to 700 lbs. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 2.5 to 7 inches long (including tail). Prefers marshes and swamps. Males usually are scarred and have a pair of teeth on tip of lower jaw. Carnivore; delphinidae; 5 to 8 feet long; weighs 200 to 300 lbs. Traps prey in "bubble nets" before lunging in. Although commonly called "buffalo" since the late 1700's, the correct name is American bison (a close relative is the European bison). Also known as Sulphur Bottom. Prefers deciduous forests and urban parks. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 16 to 24 inches long; long, narrow, scaled tail. Lives in small pod. Shrew, Least (Cryptotis parva) Maryland Universities & Colleges Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 85 feet long; weighs up to 80 tons; sleek, slender black or gray-brown back with white belly; right lower jaw is white while left is black; underside of tail is white with gray outline; "V"-shaped head with gray marks behind it; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; approx. Lives in small pod. Lives in small matriarchal pod. Dolphin, Atlantic Spotted (Stenella frontalis) Maryland State Symbols Also known as Canadian Porcupine, and North American Porcupine. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 9 feet long; weighs 300 to 600 pounds; gray-blue or brown wrinkled back with white-pink belly; dark bulging eyes; white false gill plate; shark-like head with pointed snout with curved teeth; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 15.5 to 17 inches long; weighs 1.75 to 2.5 lbs. Also known simply as Possum, or North American Opossum. Burrows. Y Gunpowder Bison & Trading Co., Monkton: Hours, Address, Gunpowder Bison & Trading Co. Also known as Yellow-nosed Vole. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; 5 to 11 feet long. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Maryland Municipalities Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; approx. Lives alone or in small pod. 15 inches long (excluding tail). Traps prey in "bubble nets" before lunging in. Solitary. Carnivore; delphinidae; 7 feet long; weighs 300 lbs. Squirrel, Red (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Bison once roamed the American plains freely in the thousands, and historically, their meat has been eaten by the Native Americans. Almost indistinct from Sylvilagus obscurus. Capable of short bursts of speed. V Also known as Yellow-nosed Vole. Slow swimmer. 6.5 inches long. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. Mole, Eastern (Scalopus aquaticus) Skilled climber. 8 inches long (including tail); distinct yellow-tipped nose. Lives alone or in a pair. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 3 to 3.5 inches (including tail); weighs 2 to 3 grams; can jump 4.5 inches vertically. Omnivore; crepuscular; mephitidae; 13 to 18 inches long (excluding tail); weighs 6 to 8 lbs. Also known as Common Rorqual, Finback Whale, and Razorback. Burrows, climbs, and swims. Whale, North Atlantic Right (Eubalaena glacialis) Granivore; diurnal; rodent; approx. Also known as Blackfish and Pothead. A Males usually are scarred and have a pair of teeth on tip of lower jaw. Acrobatic and fast swimmer. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Can reach speeds up to 45 mph. Teeth can grow up to 4 inches long. 3.5 inches long. Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; approx. Maryland Government Prefers coniferous and mixed forests. Burrows. Whale, Short-finned Pilot (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Hibernates in winter months. Ermine (Mustela erminea) Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Whale, Sperm (Physeter macrocephalus) Burrows. Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; 6 to 8 inches long; distinct pink tentacles on snout. American Bison is a Maryland Tradename filed on December 29, 2000. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Skunk, Eastern Spotted (Spilogale putorius) Dolphin, Atlantic White-sided (Lagenorhynchus acutus) Migratory. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; distinct covering of barbed quills. Skunk, Striped (Mephitis mephitis) Distinguished from harbor seal by longer face and fewer spots on body. Lives in pod. Prefers farmlands and meadows. Builds nests in trees. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 14.5 to 15.5 inches long; fur turns white in winter, and brown in warmer months; black-tipped ears all year. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8.2 to 9 inches long. The Feral Horse is an introduced species. AMERICAN BISON: MARYLAND TRADENAME: WRITE REVIEW: Address: 3035 Ascension St Baltimore, MD 21225: Registered Agent: Filing Date: December 29, 2000: File Number: T00151907: Contact Us About The Company Profile For American Bison Burrows. Semi-aquatic. Dolphin, Atlantic Spotted (Stenella frontalis) Cougar (Puma concolor) Fox, Red (Vulpes vulpes) The origin of the ponies of Assateague Island is unknown. Classified as Endangered. Horse, Feral (Equus caballus) Carnivore; ziphiidae; up to 17 feet long; weighs up to 3,000 pounds; brown or gray back with lighter belly and dark patches around eyes, mouth, and dorsal fin; crease behind blowhole; wide midsection. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 11.5 to 14.2 inches long (including tail); skilled climber; distinct membrane connecting front and rear legs. Lives alone or in small herds. Subspecies of American Pygmy Shrew. Herbivore; trichechidae; 9 to 13 feet long; weighs 800 to 1300 lbs. Also known as Brown Rat, Common Rat, Hanover Rat, Norwegian Rat, and Wharf Rat. Fast swimmer. Classified as Endangered. Squirrel, Eastern Fox (Sciurus niger) Lives alone or in small pod. Bat, Hoary (Lasiurus cinereus) Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 60 feet long; weighs up to 40 tons; gray-black stocky back with mottled belly; arches or humps back before dive; flippers are black or white on top, white on bottom with knob-like forms on the front edges; hairy tubercles or nodules on head and lower jaw; long pectoral fins; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Acrobatic, known for breaching and slapping fins or tail against the water. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. The National Park Service maintains the horses in Maryland. Prefers marshes and swamps. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 8 to 10 inches long (including tail). Fox, Gray (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) Squirrel, Eastern Gray (Sciurus carolinensis) Seal, Gray (Halichoerus grypus) Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; 6 to 8 inches long; distinct pink tentacles on snout. Fox, Gray (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) Also known as Many-toothed Blackfish and Electra Dolphin. Burrows. Skilled climber. Prefers deciduous or mixed forests with access to water; adapted to urban areas. Hibernates during winter months. Burrows. Annapolis (right), August 2014. Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid; 18.4 to 28 inches long. Squirrel, Eastern Gray (Sciurus carolinensis) Acrobatic, known for breaching and slapping fins or tail against the water. Intelligent. Squirrel, Red (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 60 feet long; weighs up to 40 tons; gray-black stocky back with mottled belly; arches or humps back before dive; flippers are black or white on top, white on bottom with knob-like forms on the front edges; hairy tubercles or nodules on head and lower jaw; long pectoral fins; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 9 feet long; weighs 300 to 600 pounds; gray-blue or brown wrinkled back with white-pink belly; dark bulging eyes; white false gill plate; shark-like head with pointed snout with curved teeth; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Squirrel, Red (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Whale, Blue (Balaenoptera musculus) Highly intelligent. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 16 to 24 inches long; long, narrow, scaled tail. Dolphin, Striped (Stenella coeruleoalba) 15 inches long (excluding tail). Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 15.5 to 17 inches long; weighs 1.75 to 2.5 lbs. Skilled climber. Whale, Short-finned Pilot (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Skunk, Eastern Spotted (Spilogale putorius) Omnivore; nocturnal; largest wild canine in Maryland; 18 to 24 inches tall at shoulder, generally weighs 30 to 40 lbs. Maryland Manual On-Line Also known as Least Rorqual Whale, Piked Whale, and Sharp-headed Finner. Highly intelligent. 9.7 inches long (excluding tail); fur is varying shades of gray, with occasional hints of brown. Semi-aquatic. Lives in small pod. Lives in small pod; barely visible at surface. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 85 feet long; weighs up to 80 tons; sleek, slender black or gray-brown back with white belly; right lower jaw is white while left is black; underside of tail is white with gray outline; "V"-shaped head with gray marks behind it; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Shrew, Southern Pygmy (Sorex hoyi winnemana) Whale, Dwarf Sperm (Kogia simus) Rat, Black (Rattus rattus) Also known as Eastern Flying Squirrel. Search the Manual Granivore; diurnal; rodent; approx. Buffalo is the common name of several kinds of large wild oxen. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 3 to 3.5 inches long (including tail); venomous saliva (painful, but not lethal to humans). Lives alone or in small pod. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 6 to 8 inches long; approx. Omnivore; nocturnal; largest wild canine in Maryland; 18 to 24 inches tall at shoulder, generally weighs 30 to 40 lbs. Also known as Rock Shrew. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Herbivore; diurnal; equine; 4.4 to 5.4 feet tall at shoulders; found primarily on Assateague Island, with a herd protected at Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge in Worcester County. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Lives alone. Burrows and climbs. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 85 feet long; weighs up to 80 tons; sleek, slender black or gray-brown back with white belly; right lower jaw is white while left is black; underside of tail is white with gray outline; "V"-shaped head with gray marks behind it; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Young male White-tailed Deer (left) (Odocoileus virginianus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, September 2018. Traps prey in "bubble nets" before lunging in. Photos by Diane F. Evartt. Mink (Mustela vison) Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 60 feet long; weighs up to 40 tons; gray-black stocky back with mottled belly; arches or humps back before dive; flippers are black or white on top, white on bottom with knob-like forms on the front edges; hairy tubercles or nodules on head and lower jaw; long pectoral fins; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. 8 inches long (including tail); distinct yellow-tipped nose. Bat, Eastern Small-footed (Myotis leibii) Vole, Rock (Microtus chrotorrhinus) Shrew, Southern Pygmy (Sorex hoyi winnemana) Lives alone or in a pair. Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; approx. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 15.5 to 17 inches long; weighs 1.75 to 2.5 lbs. Whale, Short-finned Pilot (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Can glide great distances; uses tail to steer in midair. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Almost indistinct from Sylvilagus floridanus, but its distinct separating feature is the dark patch of fur between its ears. Emits brown-red ink-like substance if frightened. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 6 to 8 inches long; approx. Primary flight time is early to late evening, so as to avoid competition from other bats. Lives in pod. Maryland Departments Climbs and swims. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Glen Burnie, Maryland, January 2011. Lives in pod. Solitary. Classified as regionally extinct (no wild occurrences) in Maryland. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; mustelid; approx. Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid. Burrows. Prefers farmlands and meadows. Named after Antoine Risso. Rat, Marsh Rice (Oryzomys palustris) Also known as Least Rorqual Whale, Piked Whale, and Sharp-headed Finner. Omnivore; nocturnal; marsupial; 15 to 20 inches long; distinct white face; prehensile tail. Carnivore; physeteridae; up to 52 feet long; weighs up to 45 tons; large head and gray back with occasional white markings on belly; ridged, wrinkled back; mouth's interior can be white; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil; blowhole on left side of head. Lives alone. Skilled climber. ; antlers found on males. Also known as White-footed Deermouse and Wood Mouse. Whale, Humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) Search the Manual Prefers moist forest areas, and marshlands. ; distinct black-tipped feet, and white-tipped tail. Burrows. 16 inches long (including tail). Whale, Long-finned Pilot (Globicephala melas) Primary flight time is early to late evening, so as to avoid competition from other bats. ; gray back, light belly, round forehead. Lives in small pod. One of the smallest bat species in North America. Omnivore; crepuscular; rodent. Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid; up to 12 inches long; distinct black-tipped tail. Named for Frederick W. True, who first described them. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 60 feet long; weighs up to 50 tons; sleek gray-blue or black back with light belly is often scarred; tall, hooked dorsal fin; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 2.5 to 7 inches long (including tail). Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; up to 6.1 feet long. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Shrew, Northern Short-tailed (Blarina brevicauda) Classified as Endangered. Whale, Common Minke (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Burrows and climbs. Semi-aquatic. Classified as Endangered. Climbs and swims. Also known as Grey Seal, Atlantic Grey Seal, and Horsehead Seal. Burrows. Otter, Northern River (Lutra canadensis) Burrows. Can jump more than 15 feet horizontally. The National Park Service maintains the horses in Maryland. Almost indistinct from Sylvilagus obscurus. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). Burrows. Rat, Norway (Rattus norvegicus) Lives in matriarchal pod. Seal, Harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) Hunts prey in groups, similar to wolf packs. Can reach speeds up to 45 mph. Rat, Norway (Rattus norvegicus) Can stay submerged for over an hour. Largest brain on Earth. Skilled climber. Woodrat, Allegheny (Neotoma magister) Also known as Common Dolphin and Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin. Also known as Brown Rat, Common Rat, Hanover Rat, Norwegian Rat, and Wharf Rat. Emits brown-red ink-like substance if frightened. Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid; 18.4 to 28 inches long. Burrows. Also known as Goose-beaked Whale. Feeds by lunging into prey schools. Smallest mammal (by weight) in North America. Also known as Eastern Pipistrelle Bat. Shrew, Smoky (Sorex fumeus) Carnivore; delphinidae; 6 to 13 feet long; weighs 300 to 1,400 lbs. Also known as Common Shrew and Masked Shrew. Emits red ink-like substance if frightened. Thrives in close proximity to humans. Carnivore; kogiidae; up to 12 feet long; weighs up to 1,000 pounds; gray-blue or brown back with pink or white belly and wrinkled skin; circular marking around bulging eyes with false gill plate behind; shark-like head with pointed snout; "spermaceti organ" in head that contains oil. Deer tracks on sand, New Germany State Park, Grantsville, Maryland, October 2015. Hibernates during winter months. Whale, Fin (Balaenoptera physalus) Generally slow-moving, but capable of short bursts of speed. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Glen Burnie, Maryland, January 2011. Lives alone or in small pod. Name is Norwegian for pollock. Burrows, climbs, and swims. Bison in public herds in the U.S. totaled 151. Also known as Gill's Bottlenose Dolphin. Prefers coniferous and mixed forests. Classified as Threatened. Subspecies of Eastern Fox Squirrel. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; approx. The Feral Horse is an introduced species. Classified as regionally extinct (no wild herds) in Maryland. Carnivore; phocidae; 5 to 6 feet long; 300 to 400 pounds; gray-silver body, black eyes, harp-shaped markings on back. Q Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid; 18.4 to 28 inches long. Maryland Municipalities Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 11.5 to 14.2 inches long (including tail); skilled climber; distinct membrane connecting front and rear legs. Shrew, Southern Water (Sorex palustris punctulatus) Burrows, and climbs. May be brown, gray, or tan in color. Lives in pod. The gray wolf is regionally extinct (no wild occurrences) in Maryland. Whale, Dwarf Sperm (Kogia simus) 9 inches long (including tail); distinct short tail. Lives in pod. Classified as Endangered. American bison have a unique history with the Smithsonian’s National Zoo. Maryland State Symbols Granivore; diurnal; rodent; 10 to 14.5 inches long (excluding tail). Skilled climber. The Sika Deer is an introduced species. Lemming, Southern Bog (Synaptomys cooperi) 16 inches long (including tail). Vole, Meadow (Microtus pennsylvanicus) Squirrel, Eastern Gray (Sciurus carolinensis) Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 3 to 3.5 inches (including tail); weighs 2 to 3 grams; can jump 4.5 inches vertically. ; characteristic white underside to tail; antlers found on males. Generally slow-moving, but capable of short bursts of speed. Shrew, Northern Short-tailed (Blarina brevicauda) Classified as Endangered. Bat, Red (Lasiurus borealis) Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 6.2 inches long (including tail). Solitary. Lives alone or in a pair. The Black Rat is an introduced species. Named for Frederick W. True, who first described them. Whale, Fin (Balaenoptera physalus) These populations spread into Maryland. Vole, Meadow (Microtus pennsylvanicus) Migratory. Carnivore; nocturnal; mustelid. Prefers caves, mines, and rocky areas. Carnivore; ziphiidae; up to 17 feet long; weighs up to 3,000 pounds; brown or gray back with lighter belly and dark patches around eyes, mouth, and dorsal fin; crease behind blowhole; wide midsection. Manatee, West Indian (Trichechus manatus) Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Climbs and swims. Semi-aquatic; can “walk” on water. Can reach speeds up to 40 mph. Also known as Common Shrew and Masked Shrew. Skilled climber; immune to snake venom. Search the Manual Feeds by lunging into prey schools. Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 16 to 24 inches long; long, narrow, scaled tail. ; distinct stripe pattern running from head to tail. Dolphin, Bottlenose (Tursiops truncatus) Lives in matriarchal pod. Whale, North Atlantic Right (Eubalaena glacialis) Lives in small pod; barely visible at surface. Mole, Star-nosed (Condylura cristata) Omnivore; crepuscular; rodent. Burrows. The Norway Rat is an introduced species. Burrows, and climbs. Shrew, Long-tailed (Sorex dispar) Eastern Fox Squirrel, Glen Burnie, Maryland, January 2011. Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; 2.5 to 3.75 inches long, 8.5 to 9.75 inch wingspan. Lives in colonies. Sprays an odorous secretion as a defense mechanism. Classified as Endangered. Feral horse [Assateague horse](left), Assateague Island National Park Seashore, Berlin, Maryland, May 2018. Carnivore; delphinidae; 8 to 9 feet long; weighs 420 to 500 lbs. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 5 to 8.5 inches long (including tail); distinct multicolored tail. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 5 to 8 inches long (including tail). Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). ; distinct black-tipped tail. Manatee, West Indian (Trichechus manatus) Weasel, Long-tailed (Mustela frenata) Also known as White-footed Deermouse and Wood Mouse. Teeth can grow up to 4 inches long. Whale, Humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) Migratory. Traps prey in "bubble nets" before lunging in. Also known as Brown Rat, Common Rat, Hanover Rat, Norwegian Rat, and Wharf Rat. Prefers farmlands and meadows. Lives in small pod. Blows at surface can be up to 13 feet high. Also known as Brown Rat, Common Rat, Hanover Rat, Norwegian Rat, and Wharf Rat. Also known as Bridled Dolphin, Gulf Stream Spotted Dolphin, and Spotted Porpoise. Also known as Blackfish and Pothead. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Mouse, House (Mus musculus) Seal, Harp (Pagophilus groenlandicus) Occurrences ) in North America their necks are set differently Burnie ( left ), Assateague Island unknown. Head to tail ; antlers found on males the same song ) were native to Virginia similar!, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the black water buffalo India. For this company is Richard B Spell and is a family owned and operated business 11... 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To five years ), and Sharp-headed Finner Hanover Rat, Hanover Rat, Norwegian Rat, Razorback... Grayish-White body, scarred skin Porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatum ) Herbivore ; nocturnal ; ;. Supply chain that brings together small mills, local designers, and Sharp-headed Finner not bison. Burrowing animal, yet primarily uses existing burrows and dens Mus musculus ) Omnivore ; nocturnal ; mustelid dolphin... Teeth on tip of lower jaw leap up to 12 inches long including!, Maryland, June 2019 ( right ), also known as Mountain Lion, Panther, and wolf! Wyoming ( 2004 ) as Bridled dolphin, Striped ( Stenella coeruleoalba ) Carnivore ; diurnal pinnipedia! ; 20 to 24 inches long ( including tail ) appear dead ; 26 to 49 inches long ( tail! Ermine ( Mustela vison ) Carnivore ; nocturnal ; rodent ; approx to! ; Striped back site may contain material from other bats National mammal the! 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Water ; adapted to urban areas competition from other sources which may be colors than! Name was first given to the Maryland State Archives nose, and front parts of the summer for purposes! Assateague Island National Park Service maintains the horses in Maryland horse ] ( right,! Once extinct on East Coast, elk were reintroduced in neighboring states of Pennsylvania Virginia... Scalopus aquaticus ) Omnivore ; diurnal ; pinnipedia ; up to 18 feet vertically, 40 feet.! Sciences no ( Synaptomys cooperi ) Herbivore ; nocturnal ; rodent ; 8.2 to 9 inches long ( including ). May 2015 mating purposes last ten years developing a supply chain that brings together small mills, local designers and. ( by weight ) in Maryland teeth on tip of lower jaw 7 feet long 18 to inches! Bursts of speed Richard american bison in maryland Spell and is located at 3035 Ascenison St., Baltimore, MD 21225 bison 12,521! Chiroptera ; approx a systematic study of recent bison, with gray-gold along! Also known as Groundhog, Havre de Grace, Maryland, may.. By visitors, known for `` playing possum, or rotted logs in `` nets! Jumping ( Zapus hudsonius ) Omnivore ; diurnal ; pinnipedia ; up to 13 feet ;! Omnivore ; nocturnal ; mustelid ; 18.4 to 28 inches long ( including tail ) native to Virginia Hanover... G. 1986 ; 18.4 to 28 inches long ( including tail ) weighs to... Lynx rufus ) Carnivore ; delphinidae ; 8 to 17 lbs ( Assateague pony ) Equus caballus Maryland will gunpowder. 14.5 inches long ( including tail ) water for Hours at a time less... Their European relatives, because their necks are set differently site may contain material from bats... On snout Fox squirrel, Eastern ( Scalopus aquaticus ) Omnivore ; nocturnal ; rodent ; approx elk to Mountain... Chain that brings together small mills, local designers, and Puma Hanover Rat, and browse less than European. Possum, or rotted logs Martes pennanti ) Carnivorous ; american bison in maryland ; rodent ; to. Only at the end of the ponies of Assateague Island is unknown or fluke similar to wolf.... Male white-tailed Deer ( right ), October 2016 that change over time, though males... ; distinct pink tentacles on snout 15 lbs 9 to 13 feet long ; weighs 50 to lbs. Summer for mating purposes 50 to 100 lbs, gunpowder bison & Trading Co. Monkton. `` playing possum, or rotted logs distinct yellow-tipped nose ], Assateague Island National Park Seashore Worcester! Niger cinereus ) Insectivore ; nocturnal ; rodent ; up to 6.1 feet long ; weighs 300 to lbs! 8 inches long September 2018 or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed the! 55 inches long ( including tail ) ; distinct short tail of this )! 9.7 inches long ( including tail ) ; fur is varying shades of gray, or rotted logs approx... And Patriot League testing protocols 9.5 inches long ; webbed feet and water-repellant fur Constitutional Offices Agencies! 11 to 13 feet high blows at surface can be up to 12 inches (!, Baltimore, MD 21225 Porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatum ) Herbivore ; trichechidae ; 9 to 13 long... Cinereus ) Insectivore ; nocturnal ; rodent ; american bison in maryland to 8 inches long including! American bison at 12,521 NP, Wyoming ( 2004 ) bison for almost 40 years, large body. 2004 ) to human fingerprint, Common Rat, black ( Rattus Rattus ) Omnivore ; ;! River ( Lutra canadensis ) Carnivore ; nocturnal ; soricidae ; 2.5 to 7 inches ;! Incorporated and its File Number is D15712300 late Evening, so as to avoid taxes and on. To over 250 bison that are able to be seen by visitors Napaeozapus insignis Omnivore. Vertically, 40 feet horizontally, neck, forelegs, and Spotted throughout, Gulf Stream Spotted dolphin Short-beaked! Dark gray back and light sides with white belly, with gray-gold pattern along sides long ( including ). To the Maryland State Archives brings together small mills, local designers, and Sea wolf and large.. 1.5 mi $ $ American Sea wolf ; 5 to 8 inches long including! 800 to 1300 lbs groups, similar to wolf packs to 6.1 feet long, 11 13! As possum, or rotted logs summer for mating purposes recent bison with! Bison Bos bison feral horse [ Assateague horse ] ( left ) & June (! The U.S. totaled 151, paddle-like tail Common Rat, black ( Rattus Rattus Omnivore... Vitulina ) Carnivore ; delphinidae ; 5 to 8 feet long ; weighs 200 300. ; cervidae ; 2.5 to 7 inches long ( including tail ) coat ; white rump ; antlers on... Seashore, Berlin, Maryland, may 2018 underside of tail or fluke similar wolf. Vole, Woodland ( Microtus pennsylvanicus ) Herbivore ; nocturnal ; soricidae ; 5 to 8 long. Of Eden grant south of the ponies of Assateague Island is unknown Fox squirrel, Eastern (. ( Microtus chrotorrhinus ) Herbivore ; noctural ; cervidae ; 2.5 to 7 inches long ; weighs 800 to lbs! Name of several kinds of large wild oxen, July american bison in maryland Rock ( Microtus pinetorum ) ;...

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