The Caddo Indians of Louisiana Second Edition, Second Printing March 1990 Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism Louisiana Archaeological Survey and Antiquities Commission Clarence Webb Hiram F. Gregory Louisiana's cultural heritage dates back to approximately 10,000 B.C. die bereits durch Krankheiten geschwächten und durch die zentrale Ansiedlungspolitik der Kolonialmächte in wenigen Siedlungen konzentrierten Caddo (und somit auch leichter für ihre Feinde auffindbar und verwundbar sowie Krankheiten leichter ausgesetzt) immer wieder als Vergeltung für deren Kooperation mit den Europäern zu überfallen, zu versklaven und zu töten. 1835 schlossen die Kadohadacho einen Vertrag mit den USA, in dem sie versprachen, ihre Gebiete im heutigen Oklahoma, Arkansas und Louisiana aufzugeben und in das damals zu Mexiko gehörende Coahuila y Tejas umzusiedeln. Their name derives from a French truncation of kadohadacho, meaning “real chief” in Caddo. At that timeDomingo Ramon established five religious missions and a military presidio in East Texas, including Nuestra Senoria de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches del Pilar. Die allgemein als Südliche Caddo oder im engeren Sinn als Caddo bezeichneten Völker sprachen (sprechen) jeweils mehrere gegenseitig verständliche Dialekte des Südliches Caddo (Hasí:nay), die meist auch die politischen Allianzen widerspiegelten: Kadohadacho, Hasinai, Hainai, Natchitoches und Yatasi, sowie die Dialekte der Eyeish, Quachita (Washita) sowie evtl. They wore leggings and an outer garment called a matchcoat, a blanket that was fastened around the body with a sash. Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Caddos for school or home-schooling reports. Archaeologists can trace Caddo material culture back to at least the tenth century. … The best new culture, style, and beauty stories from Vogue, delivered to you daily. A post office was established December 19, 1872, with W. S. Burke as postmaster. They also hunted the bear and deer of East Texas and headed west for annual buffalo hunts. That survival has not come easy, and these turkey dances represent a tenacious will to live and carry forth a Caddo culture that has now endured plagues, centuries of warfare, and displacement from their Texas and Louisiana homelands. The Kadohadache seem to have been one large tribe. The Caddo Culture. ", Roselake Ranch Equestrian Drill in the Pines, © 2021 NACOGDOCHES CONVENTION & VISITORS BUREAU. As a complement to our Caddo language information, here is our collection of indexed links about the Caddo tribe and their society. Drawing on archaeological data, oral histories, and descriptions by European and American explorers, missionaries, and settlers from the 15th through the 19th Kundenrezensionen. The Spanish subsequently called the Caddos the "Tejas," and Spanish land east of the Trinity became known as the Province of Tejas, which later gave its name to all of Texas. Die unter dem Sammelbegriff Caddo bezeichneten Völker werden sowohl geographisch und kulturell als auch sprachlich in zwei große Caddo-Dialektgruppen unterteilt, die einst fünf Caddo-Sprachen sprachen: Keine der heute noch vier gesprochenen Caddo-Sprachen erreicht jeweils eine Sprecherzahl von mehr als 25 und zählen daher alle zu den ernsthaft bedrohten Sprachen (Südliches Caddo) bzw. shared a common culture of strict social rank. They lived in tall, grass-covered houses in large settlements with highly structured social, religious and political systems. The mission struggled until strengthened by the Marques de Aguayo in 1721, but even then it endured more than prospered. The Caddo tales here presented were collected during the years 1903-1905, under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, and form part of a systematic investigation of the religious system and ceremonial organization of the tribes of the Caddoan stock. when man first entered this region. Kulturell zählen sie sowohl zum Kulturareal des Südöstlichen Waldlands als auch zu dem der Prärie und Plains und gelten als Nachfolger der Mississippi-Kultur. Next door is the Culture Center containing Historic Preservation offices, a large indoor dance arena. The Caddo Indians had a very unique culture, read about it below . Dezember 1845 als Bundesstaat an. They built their villages on … Tula. The Caddos came to East Texas from the Mississippi Valley around 800 A.D. Their territory included parts of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and East Texas. fast ausgestorbenen Sprachen (Nördliches Caddo). Adai Caddo Indian Nation 23 Views Adai Caddo Indian Nation is the name of a Native American people of northwestern Louisiana and northeastern Texas with a Southeastern culture. Im Jahr 1859 zwang die texanische Regierung die Stämme der Brazos Reservation Texas endgültig zu verlassen und sich im damaligen Indianerterritorium – dem heutigen Oklahoma – westlich des Mississippi River niederzulassen; nach Ende des Sezessionskrieges im Jahr 1867 wurden die Caddo zusammen mit den Wichita auf der Wichita Reservation zwischen dem Washita River und Canadian River angesiedelt. Die heutige Caddo Nation of Oklahoma (vormals Caddo Tribe of Oklahoma) ist ein auf Bundesebene anerkannter Stamm (sog. Caddo owed its growth to the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway (MK&T, or Katy), which built a line through the Choctaw Nation in 1872. That encounter marked a turning point for this centuries-old people, whose history from then on would be dominated by the interaction of the native confederacies with the empires of various European adventurers and … a.) The Tejas Caddo tribes were all "friends". Everyone interested in preserving Caddo culture and heritage is welcome to attend! Da den Caddo kein Privateigentum an Grund und Boden bekannt war, verkauften sie vielfach aus Unkenntnis oder wirtschaftlicher Not ihr Land an weiße Siedler oder Spekulanten. The Caddos raised corn, beans, squash and other crops. Hundreds of artifacts from the tribe's history are centralized at the Adai Caddo Indian Nation Cultural Center in Robeline. Similarly, what did the Caddo Tribe believe in? The Caddo first encountered Europeans in 1541 when the Hernando de Soto Expedition came into the Mississippi Valley. Heute (2011) gibt es 5.757 eingeschriebene Stammesmitglieder, von denen 3.044 im Westen von Oklahoma leben, meist im Caddo County. The ancestors of the Caddo Indians were agriculturalists whose distinctive way of life and material culture emerged by A.D. 900, as revealed in archaeological sites in Southern Arkansas, Northern Louisiana, East Texas, and Southern Oklahoma. As a complement to our Caddo language information, here is our collection of indexed links about the Caddo tribe and their society. Auf Grund des General Allotment Act („Allgemeines Landzuweisungsgesetz“) oder Dawes Act von 1887 wurde die Caddo Reservation (wie die der benachbarten Stämme auch) im Jahr 1902 in mehrere Landparzellen aufgeteilt – 160 Acres für jedes männliche Familienoberhaupt, 80 Acres für alle unverheirateten Stammesmitglieder über 18 Jahre und minderjährige Waise, 40 Acres für Kinder unter 18 Jahre, die Ehefrauen gar nichts; jedoch wurden die Parzellen erst nach 25 Jahren Eigentum der Indianer – bis dahin trat die US-Regierung als Treuhänder auf. The older people try hard to teach the younger people to speak the Caddo language and learn the Caddo traditions. Downhill, the present Caddo Tribal Complex has grown steadily since the first modern building was dedicated to the memory of Fritz Hendrix. The Caddo used flint and other stone tools as knives to prepare their meat and scrape the animal hides. verfeindeten – frei umherschweifenden nomadischen Plains-Stämmen (hierunter Lipan Apache, Tonkawa, Comanche, Kiowa, Plains Apache) sowie die halbnomadischen Stämme der Prairies (Wichita-Völker, Pawnee, Arikara, Osage u. Obwohl der Name „Texas“ sich vom Hasinai-Word Táyshaʼ („Freund“ oder „Verbündete“) ableitet, zwang die Regierung von Texas nach ihrer Aufnahme in die USA, die Kadohadacho, Natchitoches und Hasinai (sowie kleinere Bands, die sich diesen angeschlossen hatten und bald ihre separate Identität verloren) sich in der Brazos Reservation im Nordwesten von Texas anzusiedeln – zusammen mit feindlichen Wichita-Völkern, Kichai, Tonkawa, Lipan Apache und Shawnee. Please note that Caddos and other American Indians are living people with a present and a future as well as a past. The Caddo were a group of about 25 Native North American tribes that originally lived in the area that is now Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. Tula. All documents must be provided for assistance to … They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. The “town” of Nacogdoches was established after the Spaniards decided that the French were no longer a threat and that maintaining the mission was far too costly. These sites had distinctive thick, dark middens called "black mounds" … folgende Stämme waren ursprünglich unabhängig, schlossen sich jedoch später der Kadohadacho-Konföderation an: NATCHITOCHES-Konföderation (Allianz) (Caddo: Náshit'ush oder Nashitosh[10] – „Papau (Pawpaw)“, jedoch wurde einem frühen spanischen Historiker, Jose Antonio Pichardo, mitgeteilt, dass sich der Stammesname von Nacicit – „Ort, wo die Erde Ockerfarben ist“ und der Name eines kleinen Baches in ihrem Territorium war, der durch rote Erde floss; lebten entlang des Red River of the South im Nordosten von Texas und Nordwesten von Louisiana, waren im 17. und 18. Although settlement patterns changed through time, most Caddos resided in sedentary villages. They lived along the Neches and Angelina rivers, with one of their most powerful settlements being in the present Caddo Mounds area west of Alto. Katy engineer Ben Munson staked out Caddo Station. The Reddit post that inspired this video is at: https://www.reddit.com/r/eu4/comments/5ibbou/why_caddo_is_secretly_the_second_best_nation_in/This is … Jahrhunderts vermehrt unter regelrechten Kriegs- und Sklavenjagden durch die Chickasaw litten, so dass die verschiedenen Caddo-Häuptlingstümer und Stämme militärischen Schutz bei den Kolonialmächten suchten. Anglo pressures continued and, in 1859, all remaining Caddos - about 1,000 people - were moved to the Washita River in "Indian Territory. The ancestors of the Caddo Indians were agriculturalists whose distinctive way of life and material culture emerged by A.D. 900, as revealed in archaeological sites in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma. The Tribal Heritage Museum was more recently built next door. KADOHADACHO oder CADDO-Konföderation (Allianz) (Caddo: Kadawdáachuh oder Kä’dohadä’cho, auch als Real Caddo, Grand Caddo bezeichnet, waren namensgebend für alle Caddo sowie deren Sprache; lebten traditionell im Gebiet der Schleife des Red River of the South im Grenzgebiet von Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas und Louisiana, jeder Stamm der Konföderation wurde von einer erblichen Linie von Häuptlingen, den Caddi angeführt, die einen indigenen Adel bildeten; die Spanier bezeichneten diese adligen Anführer als Cacique (Kazike), die Engländer später als chief (Häuptling); der oberste Caddi der Konföderation entstammte dem Adel des Kadohadacho-Stammes und wird im Englischen zur Unterscheidung zu den politisch abhängigen Caddi als Paramount chief bezeichnet.). T he Caddo people resided in northwestern Louisiana and adjacent portions of Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas, between cultures of the Southeast and the southern Plains. On April 29, 2000 the Caddo Nation Tribal Council responded to tribal membership and enacted into law an ordinance establishing the Caddo Heritage Museum for the purpose of preserving and perpetuating Caddo history, culture and traditions by collecting, conserving, interpreting, and archiving, exhibiting and disseminating knowledge of the Caddo people from prehistoric time forward. Nach der Texas Revolution von 1835 wurde die Republik Texas ein unabhängiger Staat (1836 bis 1845) und schloss sich den USA am 29. Jahrhundert wichtige Verbündete der Franzosen, waren in großem Umfang an der Unterwerfung der Natchez im Natchez-Aufstand und den sog. 1840 waren bereits die meisten Caddo-Völker in Texas westwärts zum Brazos River gezogen, um der vorrückenden Siedlungsgrenze (Frontier) zu entkommen. The ancestors of the Caddo Indians were agriculturalists whose distinctive way of life and material culture emerged by A.D. 900, as revealed in archaeological sites in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma. They had a main village were the paramount chief lived and a number of satellite villages up and down the Red river. which meant "friend." Caddo Culture Carinated Bowl. By 1874 the boundaries of the Caddo reservation were defined, and the separate Caddo tribes agreed to unite as the unified Caddo Indian Tribe. At the height of their mound-building culture - around 1200 A.D. - the Caddos numbered 250,000 people. In the early 1840s, they were moved west to the Brazos River; they were moved again in 1855 to the Brazos Reservation near present-day Graham. Jahrhunderts forderten mehrere Epidemien – hierunter Pocken, Cholera, Grippe, Masern, Malaria sowie Keuchhusten unter den Caddo viele Todesopfer; die bereits früher auf Grund Missernten und Unwetter auftretenden Hungersnöte verschlimmerten sich, da die Caddo durch die periodisch immer wieder auftauchenden Epidemien bereits geschwächt waren, sowie immer mehr unter der Konkurrenz um Land mit den weißen Siedlern von Neu-Spanien und Neu-Frankreich litten, zwischen deren Einflussbereichen ihre Stammesgebiete lagen. Zudem werden unter dem Sammelbegriff Caddo manchmal auch alle Stämme der Südlichen und Central Plains sowie der angrenzenden Kiefern-Waldgebiete im Osten bezeichnet, die Varianten der Caddo-Sprachen sprachen. Religion The Caddos were part of the religion called the Mound Builders that was found across the south and midwest. “The dances celebrate Caddo survival,” said the late tribal historian Cecile Elkins Carter, author of Caddo Indians: Where We Come From. 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