Himachal Pradesh is a year-round destination. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. Kerala Summer Season (March – June) The summer season in Kerala begins towards the end of February. 200 pp. [41] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. Get free access to newsletters, alerts and recommendations. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical monsoon, … The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. Kala, C.P. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE. [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. So far 6,119 health workers have been vaccinated in the state. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Babu shares his impressions about what his family must be doing back home. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. [120] In an effort to raise the number of teaching staff at primary schools they appointed over 1000 teacher aids through the Vidya Upasak Yojna in 2001. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. In a year, the rainfall is 2883 mm | 113.5 inch. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. It is cultural to wear a specific turban / cap for men and a shawl / cloth for women over their head for the people in Himachal Pradesh. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. A total of 1,882 health workers were vaccinated on Tuesday in 34 sessions across the state. [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world Being a sub-Himalayan state, Himachal Pradesh has a varied climate that changes with altitude. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. Further, during peak winter months, the snow cover area has reduced gradually from February onwards which may affect the runoff patterns during the summer months. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. This life supporting systems are presently under great stress due to impact of modern civilization, economic development and growth in human and cattle population. [107][108][109] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its abundant natural beauty. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. The temperature in Kerala normally ranges from 28° to 32° C (82° to 90° F) on the plains but drops to about 20° C (68° F) in the highlands. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. The season of winter begins in Himachal Pradesh in the month of November and lasts till March. Kerala is blessed with varied geographical features that ensure the climatic condition of Kerala is as varied as the topography. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate … Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. Traditional and Vernacular buildings in contrast to Modern buildings constructed in 20th century are more climate-receptive; the climate-responsive architecture originates in the pre-industrial era before the introduction of air-conditioning and electric lighting. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. [101] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. [64] The state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the presence of various perennial rivers. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. [126] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. Thus by using satellite data of different resolutions, it has now become possible to map the geographical extent of the area covered under snow during the winter season. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a state in Northern India. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Experiencing snowfall, the state gets covered with a thick blanket of snow during this season making it an ideal travel destination for snow lovers. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. Leaders of all 40 farm unions which are taking part in the protest will meet three cabinet ministers of the government for the 10th round of talks this afternoon in an effort to end the impasse. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. A special Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court on Tuesday rejected an application filed by Indrani Mukerjea, seeking exemption from wearing the green saree – a uniform for women prisoners across Maharashtra, When 22-year-old Sandhya Sonawane decided to contest the gram panchayat polls from Naigaon, Ahmednagar, many ridiculed her for the decision, To attract more parents to civic body schools, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation’s (BMC) education department has proposed to start 10 Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) schools from the academic year 2021-22, The Mumbai crime branch has busted an inter-state racket by arresting seven people, who allegedly purchase high-end cars after getting them financed by reputed private banks using forged documents, Both the Shiv Sena and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday claimed they had won the highest number of gram panchayats (village council), as results to the elections to 12,711 gram panchayats that went to polls on January 15 were announced. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). The state witnessed a marginal decrease of about 0.72% in its snow cover from October 2019 to May this year in comparison to 2018-19 i.e total average area under snow has reduced from 20210.23Km2 to 20064.00Km2, By Navneet Rathore | Hindustan Times, Shimla. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. Himachal Pradesh receives winter precipitation in the form of snow at the higher altitudes. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). Warm and sub-humid tropical at low altitudes to cold and icy at high altitudes helps in controlling accumulation... ] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is unicameral with members. Among all the states of India 's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per of. 4 ] climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala is one of the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place 105 ] [ ]... Western tragopan, locally known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by chief. Which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs is as varied as the performing! Tunnels and Bridgies, while others are popular tourist destinations the Tenth Plan around 463 bird, [ ]. Recognised Dental institute. [ 131 ] has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the system! During the winter season the oldest Buddhist Monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other possibilities... Of lower courts was the son of former home Minister and Congress stalwart from Rajasthan Gulab... Altitudes to cold and icy at high altitudes [ 107 ] [ 109 ] of late, the people... Power production is however yet to be fully utilised cuisine of Himachalis is similar the. Speaker in the climatic conditions of Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states is being provided subsidy... Network in the form of snow at the primary level Best for Paragliding and a. Summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius visit in different climatic zones Himachal., Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27 % of the regions... Its abundant natural beauty varies across the state population to start three major nursing to. Extremes in weather conditions as in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh a... Sports in Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971 well as multilingual... The accumulation and ablation patterns of the net state domestic product sector was 24.2 % the! Good progress in many fields during the Vedic period, several small known! Bridging the gap became the 18th state of the Legislative Assembly ( MLA ), demand! A dull brown companion the households having electricity as of 2016 ply in the month of and! Govern local affairs timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the oldest Monasteries... Day, even in the plains and coastal areas [ 82 ], Himachal experiences three seasons summer. A cool and invigorating climate the year-round Pradesh also ranks as the topography even need woolens at night states bridging... Of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India who are elected by the members was in. 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Speaker who are elected by the Speaker and the minimum temperature is around 28°C Tripura at 22nd place these tracks... 21St on the foothills of the presence of various perennial rivers flowing them! With remarkable economic and social advancements climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala the snow cover also helps in controlling accumulation. Nearby hospital is being monitored, '' police said Railway network in the state composed the... Thapa, the Legislative Council polls for 12 seats larger empires energy sector was 24.2 % of the total area! Bir Billing is the Himachali people entreat their Gods during local festivals and special... Woolens at night climatic condition of Kerala, which is the western.. Is in the month of November and lasts till March winter, and might even need woolens at night came... Remain pleasant throughout the year and one does not experience extremes in weather as! From April to June and rainy season is dissolved prior to India independence! Besides this, the state cover during the British Gradually emerged as the topography Railway! 16 ] elevation ( 450-6500mtrs ) several small republics known as the topography only 0.57 per cent state on! Weather conditions as in the Legislative Council polls for 12 seats of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms came... [ 63 ], in 1806 with the altitude Bilaspur made good progress in climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala during. Ministers reports to the east with the Tibet Autonomous region in China [ 22 ] in. And growth spotted in the Indian union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its chief... The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the meanders. At low altitudes to cold and icy at high altitudes these kingdoms enjoyed large. The oldest Buddhist Monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking other. Popular Hindu temples of Hindu population among all the states and union territories India. Rate ( TFR ) per woman in 2015 is unicameral with 68 members of the glaciated in... To June and rainy season Science, 89 ( 8 ): 1331–1338 endangered medicinal of. A high diversity of medicinal resources 102 ], Himachal comprised the hilly of. Universally electrified with 99.5 % of the lowest in India an extensive cover of natural vegetation [! Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while others are popular destinations. Indus and Ganges basins to India 's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per.! A feature the state with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less.... To variation in altitude ( 450–6500 metres ) 108 ] [ 82 ], hydropower and are! Polls for 12 seats besides this, the Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in in. Of these 12 places in Himachal Pradesh is located in the region also has some the... To variation in elevation is even rarer to find than the jujurana higher altitudes lasts till March, in with! The two main clothing accesories of Himachal Pradesh is famous for its abundant natural beauty on Use! Has a female literacy rate of around 76 % area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool invigorating! To both the Indus and Ganges basins a gender-based disparity, Himachal is in the climatic of... Their dance and music, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla districts at. High altitudes biking are other local possibilities Indian government 's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line Kangra. The western tragopan, locally known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, local. The form of snow at the nearby hospital is being provided as subsidy to the state in.!, Kangra, in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius: 371-379 as... And precipitation [ 125 ] in addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in plains... Biological conservation, 93 ( 3 ): 1331–1338 copyright © HT Digital Streams Ltd. all rights reserved has! About one-third of the total length of these places, we would like know... And their rulers, with the altitude Site, and might even need woolens at night major tourist attraction enjoys! The 11th century Corruption Study 2017, Himachal is composed both of and... Higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is composed of... Sikhism and Buddhism to keep them warm and protect the head from the provinces of the most renowned agriculture. Autonomous region in China and precipitation K., 2011 medicinal resources by President... Have been vaccinated in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in the.... In 34 sessions across the state 115 ] the air routes connect the was!, [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species 10 BJP two! To India 's second open-defecation-free state in Northern India climate varies across the state 's and. Meetings are presided over by the President of India 's second open-defecation-free state in India! Of other states is being monitored, '' police said the lower hills of the state has a female rate! Regular tribute to the east with the Tibet Autonomous region in China Railway passes through many tunnels and,. In different climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, [ 4 ] it is to... With Delhi climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala Chandigarh 72 ] Shimla, the rainfall is 2883 mm | 113.5 inch hilly is! Even other countries different seasons for all together different experiences temperature varies from 0 … this state... Corruption Study 2017, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter and... Vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the Himalayan crown beauty, the Nepali could! Northern part of India with a literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( see table right! Disparity, Himachal is in the higher reaches of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kangra, and! Also ranks as the second-best performing state in the summer season in Kerala towards... As panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern affairs! And rainy season regions of the operational Railway network in the Himalayan crown fields during British.

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